Pradhan Seeks Inclusion Of Srimandir, Konark Temple In Iconic Tourist Destinations

Source: odishatv.in

Bhubaneswar:  After a single heritage site from Odisha was not included in the list of 17 sites to be developed as ‘Iconic Tourist Destinations’ as announced by the Centre in the Union Budget 2019-20, Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan has stressed on inclusion of Sun Temple and Puri Jagannath temple in the ambitious scheme.

In a letter to Union Minister of State (I/C) Tourism, Prahalad Singh Patel, Pradhan has highlighted that Odisha is home to several wonderful cultural and natural heritage sites. Among the several popular tourist destinations, Puri Jagannath temple and Konark Sun temple are the holiest pilgrimage and attractive tourist destinations in the State.

“Together with Bhubaneswar, Puri and Konark form Odisha’s golden triangle attracting millions of tourists and pilgrims from around the world and are breathing incarnations of Odisha’s socio-cultural identity,” wrote Pradhan.

The social fabric of Odisha is held together by seams of rich cultural history and devotion to Lord Jagannath. The Jagannath Temple at Puri is the ceremonial home of Odisha’s most revered deity, Lord Jagannath, and one of the four holiest dhams for Hindus. Host of the iconic Rath Yatra, the Puri Jagannath Temple is unifying beacon of Odisha’s quintessential Jagannath cult.

Pradhan further wrote that the Konark Sun Temple, the 13th century marvel is acknowledged as the zenith of Odishan architecture and recognized globally as UNESCO world heritage site.

“Keeping in mind the paramount historical, cultural and religious importance of Sun Temple in Konark and Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri for the people of Odisha, I request your personal intervention for inclusion of Sun Temple in Konark and Lord Jagannath Temple in Puri in the Iconic Tourist Sites,” Pradhan wrote in his letter.

Earlier, the Union Ministry of Tourism had identified several sites in 11 States under the Iconic Tourist Sites Development Project.

The sites include- Taj Mahal and Fatehpur Sikri in Uttar Pradesh, Ajanta and Ellora in Maharashtra, Humayun’s Tomb, Red Fort and Qutub Minar in New Delhi.

Other sites are Colva beach in Goa, Amer Fort in Rajasthan, Somnath and Dholavira in Gujarat, Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh, Hampi in Karnataka, Mahabalipuram in Tamil Nadu, Kaziranga in Assam, Kumarakom in Kerala and Mahabodhi in Bihar.

Patna: Tej Pratap Yadav dresses up as Lord Shiva; offers prayers at temple

Source: dnaindia.com

Amid the ongoing ‘Shravan month’, Lalu Prasad Yadav’s elder son Tej Pratap Yadav on Tuesday dressed up as Lord Shiva and offered prayers at a Shiva temple in Patna.Embracing Lord Shiva’s look, Tej Pratap wrapped up himself in a white dhoti, painted tiger skin-like fabric on waist and applied ash on his body including hands, forehead and chest. In the image, he was seen wearing a traditional Hindu rosary around his neck.

The RJD leader, who reached here with his bodyguards, was seen flaunting his long hair to look identical to Lord Shiva. He offered milk and Gangajal (holy water) to Lord Shiva.This is not for the time as even last year Tej Pratap had worn the similar attire during the ‘Shravan month’. He had said the prayers were being offered for the welfare of Bihar and its natives and also for his father’s health.

“Will pray for the welfare of the people of Bihar and the entire nation so that everybody lives in peace, in harmony, without any divide or barrier. I will also pray for the health of my father, will pray for his long life,” he had said.

In May 2018, the poster was seen outside the residence of Lalu, depicting his son Tej Pratap and ex-wife Aishwarya as Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, respectively.

In 2017, he had dressed up as Lord Krishna to celebrate the beginning of the New Year. Donning Lord Krishna’s avatar, he was spotted playing the flute with a red turban on his head 

Bodh Gaya’s Mahabodhi Temple to Receive New Hi-tech Illumination System

Source: buddhistdoor.net

The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya, India, one of the most sacred Buddhist sites in the world, will soon by illuminated by a state-of-the art LED lighting system by the end of this year, with funding for the extraordinary initiative offered by Siddhartha’s Intent India with support from Khyentse Foundation and Vana Foundation. The new lighting system is designed to illuminate every part of the temple in accordance with the highest safety and quality standards to ensure a long-lasting and sustainable solution.

The project, called “Lighting the Mahabodhi,” is one of the largest and most ambitious light-offering initiatives in Buddhist history. According to the Bhutanese newspaper Kuensel, Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche, founder of Khyentse Foundation, who initiated the lighting project, came up with the idea in 2015, and in 2017 the proposal was approved by the Bodh Gaya Temple Management Committee and the Gaya District Magistrate. The total cost of project is around US$1.4 million, with more than 30 per cent of the budget allocated since the project was launched.

“If there is one thing in the world that resembles our minds, it is light,” said Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche. “As Buddhists in the Rime tradition, our aim is to illuminate our minds free from judgment, prejudice, or pride. And so, it is to symbolize that realization and to appreciate the Buddha’s infinite compassion and skillful means in guiding us toward it, that we are now offering light at the very place of the Buddha’s enlightenment.” (Kuensel)

The Mahabodhi Temple, one of the most spiritual destinations for Buddhists pilgrims, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site marking the place where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment. Beside the temple, there are seven other sacred sites in Bodh Gaya, including the descendent of the original Bodhi tree.

“The atmosphere created by the Mahabodhi Temple is so potent it’s as if you fall into a trance,” explained Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche. “Here you’ll find the vajra seat (vajra asana, also known as the Diamond Seat) where, after many years of searching for the truth and six excruciating years of penance by the banks of the Niranjana River, Siddhartha finally discovered the Middle Path and achieved enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. (Khyentse Foundation)

“Centuries have passed since the Buddha attained enlightenment at this spot, and the temple has weathered many eras of both resplendence and shocking neglect. In this present era, the temple has been upgraded, is well tended to, and in comparatively excellent shape,” said the president of Siddhartha’s Intent India, Prashant Varma, in a press release on 31 May. “Lighting the Mahabodhi is building upon this support to update the lighting in a way that will last for generations to come. (Khyentse Foundation)

B-Lit, a lighting design company from Bangkok, Thailand, is providing the design offering free of charge as an offering of devotion. The overall lighting system will include high-end LED technology, as well as software to control and automate the myriad of high-efficiency, low-heat LED bulbs and fixtures.

According to the Khyentse Foundation, the lighting project will incorporate: 

Automated lights that are durable, energy efficient, and ecologically friendly, with minimal light pollution.
• Top technical quality lighting with systematised controls.
 Synchronized with the lunar cycles, and adaptable to the many special rituals and needs of the Mahabodhi Temple.
 Light fittings and fixtures able to withstand changing seasonal and weather conditions.
 Safe and easy operation and maintenance.

“We hope to have part of phase one—the core of the temple lighting—ready by the end of this year,” noted Varma. “We shall then steadily work toward completing all other areas of the temple complex, other than the Sarovar Lake and the new Meditation Park, by the end of 2020.” (Kuensel)

Betla National Park

Betla National Park-Jharkhand
About:
Situated in the district of Daltonganj, Palamau Sanctuary is spread over an area of 979sq.km. The core area of 232 sq. kms of the sanctuary was declared as Betla National park in September1989. The park occupies the western parts of the Chotanagpur plateau and was constituted in the year 1960 as an extension of the Hazaribagh National park. Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world’s first tiger census was enumerated in 1932. The park became one of the earliest 9 tiger reserves in India under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1974.  

The forests of the park have a vast range of vegetation consisting of tropical wet evergreen forests in the lower reaches, mixed (moist & dry) deciduous forests in the middle and temperate alpine forests in the upper reaches including Sal and bamboo as the major components along with a number of medicinal plants. The river Koel and its tributaries run through the northern portion of the park. There are grasslands in the river flowing area. It has waterfalls and hot springs too. Once the seat of Chero kings, there are two historical forts, one of them belonging to the 16th century deep inside the forest. The main sentinel of the old fort is visible high up on the hill with defences in three directions and three main gates.

The diversity of eco-system promotes a wide variety of fauna consisting of elephant, panther, leopard, wild boar, tiger, gaur, sloth bear, sambar, chital, nuntjac, nilgai, langur, mouse deer, monkeys, small Indian civet, mongoose, jackals, porcupine, ant eating pangolin etc. Elephants in large numbers are seen mostly during the monsoons up to the time when water sources begin to dry up in March. Jackal and hyena are common scavengers. Bird-life is rich featuring the hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, black partridge, white necked stork, black ibis, swamp grey, quail, the pied born bill, wagtails, the harial, doves, drongo, the crested serpent-eagle, forest owls, the papiha and other birds usually found in dry deciduous forests. The famous Kamaldah lake attracts several varieties of water birds including the common whistling and cotton teal, the comb duck, snipe and geese. The rhesus monkey and the common languor provide attraction to children visiting the park.
Location info:
Address:Daltonganj,Ranchi,Jarkhand,India
District: Daltonganj
Nearest City: Daltonganj
Best time to visit: October to May
Climate/Weather:
The climate of this region is extreme with the maximum temperature going well over 40°C in summers. In total contrast to this, winters are quite cold with the minimum temperature dipping to 3°C. The monsoon months are from July to mid September.
History:
Betla national park is nestled in the lap of Deccan Plateau which includes 1,026 km² of Palamau Tiger Reserve in the state of Jharkhand. An additional 226 km² was added to the park in 1989 and 63 km² of the Mahuadar wolf sanctuary was added to national park.
Interesting things to do:
Visit the historical monuments that the national park houses. Purana Quila and Naya Quila are important attractions for tourists. Though they are named the Old Fort and the New Fort, they seem to be built around the same time.Enjoy stunning views from the watchtowers and the ground hides that have been recently added to enhance the charm of wildlife spotting in the park.Other attractions that one must visit here include waterfalls and hot springs.Elephant rides into the jungle of Betla are a major draw for tourists visiting here.
Interesting things to Visit:
Fauna:
Large herds of Gaur and Chital are commonly seen. Elephants are present mostly after the monsoons up to the time when water holes begin to dry up in March. Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Bear, Sambhar, Nilgai, Kakar, Mouse Deer are also permanent residents. Large families of langurs are an ever present attraction. Palamu is now one of the nine Tiger Reserves in India under Project Tiger
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:Daltonganj (25 km away) Railway Station
Nearest Airport:Ranchi, situated around 140 km away, is the airport with regular air connections to Delhi, Calcutta, Patna and Lucknow.
Road Transport: Betla is well connected to Daltonganj (25 kms) via Khudia morh (6km), Ranchi (140 kms), Hazaribagh (190 kms), Netarhat (211 kms), Patna (384 kms), Calcutta (575 kms) etc by regular buses run by the state transport corporation and private companies.  
Nearest Visiting places:
Shahpur:
Opposite Daltonganj on the west bank of the Koel is the village SHAHPUR in which Gopal Rai, the Raja of Palamu built a palace in the end of the 18th century. Shahpur stands on a high tract of land and the ruined place, the white temple and the masonry building present a picturesque view from Daltonganj. A nearer view of the palace is disappointing for what looks in the distance like an imposing edifice is seen to be half- finished building of little architectural importance.  

Palamau:
Palamau on the Auranga river , 20 miles south-east of Daltonganj as the crow flies, from which the district takes its name is for historian and archaeologist the most interesting place in the district, for it was for many years the seat of the Chero chiefs and it contains the ruins of the two great forts built by them, the capture of which by Mughals and later by the British resulted in the collapse of the Chero resistance, the forts lie within the reserved forests and in order to preserve them the jungle has to be cut back at intervals .they are a favourite haunt of tigers, whose pug marks may nearly always be seen in and around the fort.The walls which are in preservation are about 5 feet in thickness and those of the old fort bear marks of cannon balls and bullets in many places.

Netarhat:
The plateau of Netarhat in Palamu district is comparatively unknown to the tourists from outside although it is one of the rare beauty spots which is capable of great development. About a century back, it is understood, there was a military camp at Netarhat. The camp had to close down because sufficient good water was not available. It was left to Sir Edward Gait, Lt. Governor of Bihar and Orissa to give a great Importance to the plateau. Sir Edward and after him many of the Bihar and Orissa and later Bihar Governors use to spend a part of the summer exodus at Netarhat . Netarhat although situated in Palamau District is more easily accessible from Ranchi, the summer head quarter of the Old Bihar Govt. it is at a distance of 96 miles from Ranchi, the last 12 miles of which commencing from Banari runs through the hilly section and is typical of any of the other hill stations. There is an excellent all weather road of morum which is capable of widening at some places. The cars can pass conveniently.
plateau:
A plateau, four miles long and two and a half miles broad. It is in the extreme of the district, the highest point of which is 3,800 feet above the sea level. It is in Mahuadanr police station and is 96 miles west of Ranchi across seven hills. This is the highest point on the plateau of Chhotanagpur. Netarhat is a place of peculiar charm which has a laid its spell on many casual visitors. The stillness of the jungle and the cool and refreshing air brings relief from the dust and heat of the plains. Netarhat has a game sanctuary amidst pine forest the bestow singular arboreal interest in this part. Some time back it used to be the permanent summer station of the Governor.

Palamau National Park:
Palamau is one of the popular national parks of India. Palamau is situated within the lndo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna, though the area is prone to severe droughts. There are 107 villages in the buffer area and three in the core with a human population of 65,000 and a livestock population of 45,000. The core is distributed into two parts, the actual core and the recently inducted ‘satellite core’. The park was brought under Project Tiger in 1973 and is among the first nine Tiger Reserves of the country. The core area was declared a National Park in September 1989.

Hazaribagh:
The Hazaribagh National Park is one of the most significant wildlife sanctuaries in Jharkhand. The sanctuary is located at a height of about 615 meters on a low-altitude hilly region of the state. The Hazaribagh National Park in Jharkhand spans across a huge region.This national park covers a total area of 184 square kms. The Hazaribagh National Park has a tropical type of climate, where it is quite cold during winter and quite hot during summer.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Ambalal Patel Petrol Pump:GARHWA,Jharkhand,India,ph:06561 222270
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Hotel Van Vihar:Betla,Palamu,Jharkhand,india
Things to carry:
 
Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:Government Hospital:Garhwa,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:

Hazaribagh National Park

Hazaribagh National Park-Jharkhand
About:
The Hazaribagh National Park is one of the most significant wildlife sanctuaries in Jharkhand. The sanctuary is located at a height of about 615 meters on a low-altitude hilly region of the state. The Hazaribagh National Park in Jharkhand spans across a huge region. This national park covers a total area of 184 square kms. The Hazaribagh National Park has a tropical type of climate, where it is quite cold during winter and quite hot during summer.  

The Hazaribagh National Park at Jharkhand offers a variety of vegetation starting from low-altitude stretches of grassland to thick tropical vegetations. The wildlife sanctuary of Hazaribagh National Park has a wide range of topography from low-lying regions to high hills and rolling regions.

The Hazaribagh National Park has abundant wild animals like the Chital, Nilgai, Panther, Sambar, Sloth Bear, Tiger and Wild Boar. The Cheetal, Kakar, Nilgai, Sambar and Wild Boar are among the most easily and often spotted animals particularly near the waterholes at the time of the dusk. The population of the tigers is very less. According to 1991 Census, there were 14 tigers in the park. The tigers are really difficult to sight.

A 111-km long stretch of the road in the sanctuary takes the tourists to the remotest corners and masonry towers of the park. The road, strategically laid down, offers excellent opportunities for the view of the wild animals. The tribal population also lives around the sanctuary. The ark has many watchtowers that act as the perfect hideouts to see the wildlife in its natural surroundings.
Location info:
Address:Hazaribagh National Park, Koderma,Jarkhanad,India
District: Koderma
Nearest City: Koderma
Best time to visit: October to March
Climate/Weather:
The climate in this region is tropical with hot summers and cold winters. Temperature during the summer months touch a high of 41.1’C and a low of 19.4’C. Winter months are better and the temperature ranges between a maximum and minimum of 19.4’C and 7’C. The monsoon months are July to mid-September.
History:
Eversince the Hazaribagh National Park was developed in 1954, it was known by that name but when the formal listings of the national parks was made by the United Nations, it was not included in it.On 24th June 2007, Deputy Chief Minister of Jharkhand announced that soon Hazaribagh will have an state-of-the-art Elephant Park, if this project materialize it would attract more tourist.
Interesting things to do:
Put off all music and cut off all sound. Don’t frighten animals away. Leave the animals to themselves and just watch them from a distance. Also, put your vehicles light dim because too much may frighten the animals.
Interesting things to Visit:
Fauna:
Sambhar, nilgai, chital and kakar can be seen at dusk and dawn, enjoying at water holes. Sloth bear might be encountered unexpectedly. It is a matter of chance that one sees a tiger or a panther. The last time a Tiger was sighted in the vicinity of the Forest Rest House was in 2006, as reported by the caretaker when the Tiger had killed a prey. I was very lucy to watch a Tiger from a distance of barely 30 feets while on foot; But that was way back in 1989. I still cherish the memory.  

Landscape:
The national park is located on the Chotanagpur plateau. It stretches over 184 sq km of undulating countryside, steep hills and deep drainage channels with thick tropical forests and grass meadows, at an average altitude of 615 meters. There are small rivers and a number of dams have been constructed to form artificial lakes within the park.

Hazaribagh Lake:
The Hazaribagh lake also attracts various tourists. It is a popular picnic spot and place for water sports.

Jilaiya Dam:
This dam, situated across Barakar River is a preferred attraction for the tourists. It is 55 kms away from Hazaribagh. The main road from Bath, on C.T Road passes through the reservoir and the hillock offers a breath-taking sight.

Hazaribagh Hill:
Hazaribagh is the famous hill resort to relax and enjoy the natural scenery. Hazaribagh literally means the land of thousand gardens and is situated at an altitude of 2019 feet above the sea level and set amidst hilly and forests on the opposite side of the Damodar Valley. It has excellent climate and scenic beauties all around it in the midst of dense forest which is quite rich in flora and fauna. Hazaribagh is well known for the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary. This place attracts tourists from all over the world who come here to visit the sanctuary, waterfalls and dams located in the vicinity. The best season to visit Hazaribagh is from October to April.
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station: Koderma railway station , which is 59 km away, or alternately one can approach the park from the Hazaribagh Road railway station (67 km) on the Howrah-Delhi Grand Chord line.
Nearest Airport:Ranchi (91 km) ariport is connected with Calcutta, Patna, Lucknow and Delhi by regular Indian Airlines flights.
Road Transport: Hazaribagh town is connected by road to Ranchi 91 km, Dhanbad 128 km, Gaya 130 km, Patna 235 km, Daltongunj 198 km, and Calcutta (via Asansol-Govindapur-Barhi) 434 km. The Hazaribagh National Park is 19 km from the Hazaribagh town. Regular bus services connect the town with Koderma, Hazaribagh Road railway station, Patna, Gaya, Ranchi, Dhanbad, Daltongunj and other nearby places.Unmetered Taxis, Auto Rickshaws, Cycle Rickshaws and Taxis are available for the park from the Hazaribagh town. The approximate charge for a taxi is Rs. 160 for a two-way journey.
Nearest Visiting places:
Rajarappa Waterfalls:
Rajarappa Waterfalls is situated about 89 km. from Hazaribagh. The Rajarappa Waterfalls is believed to be one of the 51 sacred sites where a part of the body of Sati, the spouse of Lord Shiva fell. In this falls, the Bhera river joins the Damodar river from a height of 20 feet. A temple dedicated to Devi Chinnamasta is situated on the top of the hill. The little waterfall also offers boating facilities which introduces some very spectacular rock formations in this area.  

Tilaiya Dam:
Tilaiya Dam is a small dam that is situated on the Patna-Ranchi road and 55 kms from Hazaribagh. This dam produces only 4000 kw. of power. This was the first dam and hydro-electric power station that was built by the Damodar Valley Corporation for controlling floods across Barakar river in Hazaribagh district. It is 1,200 ft. long and 99 ft. high. It is situated in an ideal surrounding with a reservoir stretching in 36 sq. kms. This dam is mainly visited for its picturesque setting with its hills and reservoir with motor boats, swimming, terrace gardens and deer park.

Canary Hills:
The Canary Hills is located close to the town. The Canary Hills has a well laid out park and studded with three small lakes and an observation tower. From the top of the hill one can have a panoramic view of the town.

Parshnath Temple:
Parshnath Temple is situated at the top of the Parshnath Hill, the highest hill in the Giridih district in Bihar. It is situated about 200 km. from Pawapuri and 8 km. from Giridh. The path to the hill top passes through the Madhuban village from where it is an 11 km. trek. It takes almost a full day to reach the Parshnath Hill and to the temple and to come back. The Parshnath Hill is a famous abode for Jains as about 23 out of 24 Tirthankaras (including Parsvantha) are believed to have attained salvation in the Sammetasikhara of the Parshnath hills. The Parshnath hill is named after the 23rd Tirthankar Parsvanatha and rises steep above the plains of Dhanbad to a height of 1,365 metres. The Prasvantha, 23rd Tirthankar was very popular among tribal population of Chotanagpur. He is identified by the snake king Dharanendra, whose many hoods protect the meditating Tirthankar. Both the Swetamber and Digamber Jains have many beautiful temples here on the hills.

Shahpur:
Opposite Daltonganj on the west bank of the Koel is the village SHAHPUR in which Gopal Rai, the Raja of Palamu built a palace in the end of the 18th century. Shahpur stands on a high tract of land and the ruined place, the white temple and the masonry building present a picturesque view from Daltonganj. A nearer view of the palace is disappointing for what looks in the distance like an imposing edifice is seen to be half-finished building of little architectural importance.

Palamau:
Palamau on the Auranga river , 20 miles south-east of Daltonganj as the crow flies, from which the district takes its name is for historian and archaeologist the most interesting place in the district, for it was for many years the seat of the Chero chiefs and it contains the ruins of the two great forts built by them, the capture of which by Mughals and later by the British resulted in the collapse of the Chero resistance, the forts lie within the reserved forests and in order to preserve them the jungle has to be cut back at intervals .they are a favourite haunt of tigers, whose pug marks may nearly always be seen in and around the fort.The walls which are in preservation are about 5 feet in thickness and those of the old fort bear marks of cannon balls and bullets in many places.

Netarhat:
The plateau of Netarhat in Palamu district is comparatively unknown to the tourists from outside although it is one of the rare beauty spots which is capable of great development. About a century back, it is understood, there was a military camp at Netarhat. The camp had to close down because sufficient good water was not available. It was left to Sir Edward Gait, Lt. Governor of Bihar and Orissa to give a great Importance to the plateau. Sir Edward and after him many of the Bihar and Orissa and later Bihar Governors use to spend a part of the summer exodus at Netarhat. Netarhat although situated in Palamau District is more easily accessible from Ranchi, the summer headquarter of the Old Bihar Govt. it is at a distance of 96 miles from Ranchi, the last 12 miles of which commencing from Banari runs through the hilly section and is typical of any of the other hill stations. There is an excellent all-weather road of morum which is capable of widening at some places. The cars can pass conveniently.
plateau:
A plateau, four miles long and two and a half miles broad. It is in the extreme of the district, the highest point of which is 3,800 feet above the sea level. It is in Mahuadanr police station and is 96 miles west of Ranchi across seven hills. This is the highest point on the plateau of Chhotanagpur. Netarhat is a place of peculiar charm which has a laid its spell on many casual visitors. The stillness of the jungle and the cool and refreshing air brings relief from the dust and heat of the plains. Netarhat has a game sanctuary amidst pine forest the bestow singular arboreal interest in this part. Some time back it used to be the permanent summer station of the Governor.

Palamau National Park:
Palamau is one of the popular national parks of India. Palamau is situated within the lndo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna, though the area is prone to severe droughts. There are 107 villages in the buffer area and three in the core with a human population of 65,000 and a livestock population of 45,000. The core is distributed into two parts, the actual core and the recently inducted ‘satellite core’. The park was brought under Project Tiger in 1973 and is among the first nine Tiger Reserves of the country. The core area was declared a National Park in September 1989.

Betla National Park:
Situated in the district of Daltonganj, Palamau Sanctuary is spread over an area of 979sq.km. The core area of 232 sq. kms of the sanctuary was declared as Betla National park in September1989. The park occupies the western parts of the Chotanagpur plateau and was constituted in the year 1960 as an extension of the Hazaribagh National park. Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world’s first tiger census was enumerated in 1932. The park became one of the earliest 9 tiger reserves in India under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1974.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Lakshmi petrol pump:NH 100,Hazaribagh,Jharkhand,India  
Koltex petrol pump:NH 100,Hazaribagh,Jharkhand,India
Ramnagar Petrol pump:Road No 4,Hazaribag,Jharkhand,India
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Lotus Nikko Bodhgaya Hotel:Bodhgaya,Gaya,Bihar,India  
Hotels Bodh Gaya:Bodhgaya,Gaya,Bihar,India
Things to carry:
 
Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:
Holy Family HospitalL::Koderma,Jharkhand,India
Sadar Hospital Hazaribagh:NH 100,Hazaribag,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:

Valmiki national park

Valmiki national park-Bihar
About:
The Valmiki National Park is well dispersed across a pulsating plot that approximately measures 335.64 square kilometers and is sited in the western outskirts of the territorial domain named Champaran that forms a part of the premises of Bihar. Incidentally the Valmiki National Park is a wee fragment of the mammoth Valmiki Sanctuary that covers a sprawling area of around 800 square kilometers.  

The Valmiki National Park made its innocuous presence felt in the early 1990s and since then has procured an apt abode to the flamboyant and majestic creatures regarded as the tigers. In fact, the Valmiki National Park vanquishes the fourth spot in the standings of the reserves that houses maximum number of tigers.

The placid waters of the rivulet called Gandak and the magniloquent apex of the Mount Everest on the western fringe presents a serene and timid ambiance to the Valmiki National Park at Bihar where the king of the beasts can stomp around on the lush grasses with pride and elation.

The Valmiki tract is broken and undulating often showing highly fragile geological formations. As a result, there are steep ravines, knife-edge ridges and precipitous walls formed by landslips and soil erosion.

The great Gandak and the Masan rivers collect all the water from the numerous, tortuous tributaries. These rivers and streams keep changing course from side to side, facilitated by the erosion-prone sandy and immature soil of the banks. Seasonal rivers like Panchanad, Manor, Bhapsa and Kapan display peculiar behaviour of erosion at one place and deposition of transported soil at another place.

Hill system is the continuation of Siwalik Range, largely made of imperfectly compacted and ill-formed sandstone dotted with pebbles and boulders. Owing to the fragile nature of parent rock material, the soil produced at the foothill is immature, loose sand and display sheet. The menace is further aggravated by maltreatment of the forests by people in general, frequent fires and heavy grazing.

The park consists of moist Sal bearing forests, dry Sal bearing forests, moist mixed deciduous forests without Sal, cane and tropical seasonal swamp forests containing reed beds and wet grasslands. The species found in the park include tiger, sloth bear, wolf, various species of deer, serow, leopard, python, peafowl, chitals, sambars, nilgais, leopards, hyenas, Indian civets, Jungle cats, Hog deer, wild dogs etc. One horned rhinoceros and Indian bison often migrate from Chitwan to Valmikinagar. There are 8 villages in the buffer area but no habitation in the core area.
Location info:
Address:valmiki national park ,Patana,Bihar,India
District: Patna
Nearest City: Valmiki nagar
Best time to visit: October to February
Climate/Weather:
Summer: 43 °C – 30 °C, Winter: 21.4 °C – 5 °C
History:
The Valmiki Tiger Reserve, the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country and second in Bihar, is located in the northern most part of the West Champaran district of the State. Core area was declared as a National Park in 1989. Government of Bihar had notified 464.60 sq. km. area as Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary in 1978. Later on, in 1990 an area of 419.18 sq. km. was added to the Sanctuary. Thus Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary embraces a total area of 880.78 sq. km.
Interesting things to do:
 
Interesting things to Visit:
Lauriya Nanadan Garh: 
There is lion pillar of Ashoka, which is a single block of polished sand stone, 32′-9.5″ in height with a diameter of 35.5″ at base and 26.2″ at the top. The pillar is over 2000 year old and in excellent condition. Nandgarh is a huge mound composed of bricks and is about 80 feet height. According to a authoritative source, it is an Ashok Stupa in which ashes of Buddha’s funeral pyre were enshrined.  

Bawan Garhi: 
A name meaning 52 forts. It is also known as Tripan bazar. The remains of 52 forts and Tripan bazar are at Darubari.

Someshwer Fort: 
Someshwar Fort is situated in Narkatiagani sub-division, near Nepal border, on top of the Someshwar hill at 2884 ft above M.S.L. It is in ruined state but its remains are well defined.

Triveni: 
A holy place of Hindu. The name is derived from the fact that three rivers (Gandak, Sonha and Pachanad) merge here soon after they emerge from the hills. Triveni is also believed to be the site at which the fight commenced between Lords of Forest and Water (the Elephant and Crocodile).
Forest:
Bhabar Dun Sal Forest ,Dry Siwalik Sal Forest ,West Gangetic Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest ,Khair – Sisso Forest ,Cane brakes ,Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland , Barringtonia Swamp Forest .

Flora:
Sal (Shorea robusta), Asan, Karama, Semal, Khair, Cane(Calamus tenuis), Jamun, Siccharrum, Mahulan, Piper, Lagun (Peepar)
Main Species:
Tiger, Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Chital, Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Langur, Rhesus Monkey .
fauna and flora:
There is no poaching in core area. Poaching is occasional in the buffer area but as the northern and Western boundaries of the Reserve lie along Nepal and Uttar Pradesh respectively. There is serious problem of poaching and smuggling of teak and cane from Madanpur block of the Reserve to different parts of Nepal e.g. Susta, Ratanganj and Rani Nagar. Armed gangs settled in Nepal are involved in illicit felling.

Valmiki temple:
A Valmiki temple is called an Ashram, which means a hermitage or monastery. It is the communal house for Valmikis. The function of the Ashram is to serve as a center for building up the commitment of devotee’s and for transmitting the Ramayana’s message, and the focal point for the whole community to preserve their culture and traditions.The Ashram is open to all who wish to enter, anyone who goes to the Ashram is welcome to stay as long as they wish and are welcome regardless of race, gender, caste or creed.

Kutagarshala:
It lies at a distance of 3 kilometers from the main town and was constructed by the Lichchavis for Sakhamuni. A large tank, open courtyard and verandah are all that is left of this once famous monastery. In the north of this very site is the Ashokan pillar to commemorate the place where Buddha delivered his last sermon.Amvara or Amrapali’s mango grove: Amrapali the famous courtesan gifted here mango orchard Amvara to the Buddhist Sangha after she heard Buddha delivered his sermon.The ruins of Kings Vishala’s fort from whom the town gained its name, is also a major Tourist Attractions in Vaishali. Abhisekh Puskarini is the sacred coronation tank. The Japanese temple built by Nipponzan Myohoji sect of Japan is another interesting place in Vaishali. Sonepur:
A small sleepy town close to Hazipur, Sonepur comes alive every year on Kartik Purnima when one of the largest cattle fairs of Asia is organised. A whole lot of people turn up to be a part of this fair from both India and abroad. The Bihar state Tourism Development Corportaions make accommodation arrangements in traditional huts for visitors coming to this fair. Muzaffarpur:
Muzaffarpur is located 35 km from Vaishali and is also known as the lychee kingdom. In ancient times, it is believed, Muzaffarpur, along with the modern district of Champaran and Darbhanga, formed the Lichchavi kingdom. Today, the city is one of the most important one in north Bihar and has plenty of historical sites in closeby areas to roam around.
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:The Valmiki Nagar rail head is 5km from the park.
Nearest Airport:Patna airport is at Patna at a distance of 295km.
Road Transport:There are bus services from Valmiki Nagar to Bettiah ( 80km) the nearest town.
Nearest Visiting places:
Gol Ghar:
This bee hive shaped granary was built in the year 1770 after the outbreak of a terrible famine. It is one of the oldest British structures in the city and once you reach its top after climbing a series of steps, you will get a good view of the River Ganges and the city.This enormous beehive-shaped structure was constructed as a state granary. A series of surrounding steps lead to the top of this huge building that commands a nice view of the river Ganges and Patna city.  

Harmandirji:
Built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, this dome shaped structure houses many Sikh scriptures and personal belongings of Guru Gobind Singh.The shrine was built to consecrate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru (prophet). Many Sikh scriptures and the personal belongings of the prophet are preserved in this dome-shaped structure.

Kumhrar:
Nearly 5km away from Patna, this is the site of ancient Mauryan capital Patalipra. A huge 80-pillared hall of the Mauryan dynasty is an important find from the excavation.An archaeologist’s delight, this spot is marked by a huge 80 pillared hall. It is actually the ruins of Ashokan Pataliputra which in its heyday was comparable to Venice of the East.

Jalan Museum:
The Museum has been constructed at the site of the fort of Sher Shah. The personal museum preserves a great collection of jade, Chinese paintings and silver filigree work of the Mughal period.The personal collection of Diwan Bahadur Radhakrishnan Jalan is housed in this museum. The jade collection, the beautiful Chinese paintings and the exquisite filigree work of the Mughal period form a part of its excellent repertoire.

Agam Kuan:
This archeological remains of a deep well is one of the major tourist attractions in Patna. It is believed to be associated with the time of Ashoka.Believed to date back to the Ashokan period, this deep well draws a large number of visitors.

Patna Museum :
Locally known as the Jadu Ghar, this museum houses an amazing collection of bronze sculptures and terracotta figures. Its most precious object is the Didarganj Yakshi.The museum displays a prized collection of archaeological finds from different sites in Bihar. Metal and stone sculptures of the Maurya and Gupta Periods, terracotta figurines, ashes of the Buddha and a 16meters long fossilized tree feature among the exhibits. Patna Museum. The museum boasts of an amazing collection of Buddhist art, dating back to somewhere around 8th century AD to 12th century AD. The most magnificent pieces of art consist of the statues of Avalokitesvara and Maitreya. Apart from that, the city also houses some large pillars and the foundations of a Buddhist Monastery, known as Anand.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Petrol Pump:Bhagalpur,Bihar,India   Petrol Pump:Bhagalpur,Bihar,India
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Nand Hotel:Sabzi Market,Saharsa,Bihar,India   Satkar Hotel:Saharsa,Bihar,India Sana Rest House:Saharsa,Bihar,India
Things to carry:
 
Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:
Sadar Hospital:Khagaria,Bihar,India
Sadar Hosiptal:Begusarai,Bihar,India
Refinery Township Hospital:Begusarai,Bihar,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:

PANCHET

PANCHET-Jarkhand
About:
Panchet Dam is 22,155 ft long and 134 ft high and is made across the Damodar River. The dam is located in Dhanbad District of Jharkhand. A part of Damodar Valley Corporation, Panchet Dam is known to be one of the most important hydel power stations, with a generating capacity of 40 MV power.  

This dam is eventually becoming a place of tourist attraction. An inspection bungalow, supervised by Damodar Valley Corporation, caters to the accommodation needs. Kumardubi Railway Station lies almost 10 km away and is the nearest railhead. Bus services are available from Barakar, Maithon, Asansol and Dhanbad (50 km) to reach the Panchet Dam.

Panchet Dam and Reservoir, an important member of Damodar Valley corporation group of reservoirs built on Barakar liea at the western fringe of Raniganj Coalfield of east India. This Damodar river rises in the eastern part of Palamau district of Bihar at an elevation of approximately 600 mt and has a course of 538 kms before it merges with Hooghly in West Bengal. The basin of this river deposited and is surrounded by the qranite gneiss of chhrta nagpur marked dreaks in the river cores and its tributaries) are affected by the boundary fault scarps.

The Catchments of this river receives an average rainfall of 120-150 cm of which 90% rainfall occurs during the four months only i.e. June to Sept. of a year. In addition to this, valley receives rainfall from tropical cyclones in the upper catchments plateau part of the area. As mentioned above the concentrated rainfall during the monsoon over cneissic rocks, sandstones and shale under hot and humid climate causes severe erosion of rock materials and thereby loading the water streams with great amount of sediments.
Location info:
Address:Panchet Dam,Dhandad,Jarkhand,India
District:Dhandad
Nearest City:Dhandad
Best time to visit: October to March
Climate/Weather:
Summers 16°- 41°C. Winters 1°-28°C
History:
Literally meaning Mother’s Abode, it is the biggest reservoir of the Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC). This dam, designed for flood control, has been built on the Barakar river. It has a unique underground power station which is first of its kind in SE Asia. Just a little away from the dam lies an ancient temple at Kalyaneshwari. The lake at Maithon is spread over an area of 65 sq. km. There is a rest house on an island in the lake. Boating and fishing facilities are available. Close by, a Deer Park and a bird sanctuary are also situated.
Interesting things to do:
 
Interesting things to Visit:
Damodar Valley:
The Damodar Valley Corporation, popularly known as DVC, is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. The corporation came into being on July 7, 1948 by an Act of the Constituent Assembly of India (Act No. XIV of 1948). [1] It is modelled on the Tennessee Valley Authority of the USA. Jawaharlal Nehru, prime minister of India, Dr. B.C.Roy, chief minister of West Bengal and Sri Krishna Sinha, chief minister of Bihar, took personal interest to ensure early success of the project.  

Jilaiya Dam:
This dam, situated across Barakar River is a preferred attraction for the tourists. It is 55 kms away from Hazaribagh. The main road from Bath, on C.T Road passes through the reservoir and the hillock offers a breath-taking sight.

Hazaribagh Hill:
Hazaribagh is the famous hill resort to relax and enjoy the natural scenery. Hazaribagh literally means the land of thousand gardens and is situated at an altitude of 2019 feet above the sea level and set amidst hilly and forests on the opposite side of the Damodar Valley. It has excellent climate and scenic beauties all around it in the midst of dense forest which is quite rich in flora and fauna. Hazaribagh is well known for the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary. This place attracts tourists from all over the world who come here to visit the sanctuary, waterfalls and dams located in the vicinity. The best season to visit Hazaribagh is from October to April.
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:Dhandad railway station is an important railhead on Eastern Railway. Several express and super-fast trains ply to Dhanbad from Patna, Kolkata, Delhi and other important cities of India.
Nearest Airport:Ranchi airport (169 km) and Patna airport is(325 km)
Road Transport: Good network of roads connect Dhanbad with important town in Jharkhand and Bihar. Buses are available from Dhanbad to Bokaro (84 km), Ranchi (169 km) and other places of Jharkhand. Chartered buses or taxis are arranged to Dhanbad from Ranchi and Patna by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation at regular intervals.
Nearest Visiting places:
Rajarappa Waterfalls:
Rajarappa Waterfalls is situated about 89 km. from Hazaribagh. The Rajarappa Waterfalls is believed to be one of the 51 sacred sites where a part of the body of Sati, the spouse of Lord Shiva fell. In this falls, the Bhera river joins the Damodar river from a height of 20 feet. A temple dedicated to Devi Chinnamasta is situated on the top of the hill. The little waterfall also offers boating facilities which introduces some very spectacular rock formations in this area.  

Tilaiya Dam:
Tilaiya Dam is a small dam that is situated on the Patna-Ranchi road and 55 kms from Hazaribagh. This dam produces only 4000 kw. of power. This was the first dam and hydro-electric power station that was built by the Damodar Valley Corporation for controlling floods across Barakar river in Hazaribagh district. It is 1,200 ft. long and 99 ft. high. It is situated in an ideal surrounding with a reservoir stretching in 36 sq. kms. This dam is mainly visited for its picturesque setting with its hills and reservoir with motor boats, swimming, terrace gardens and deer park.

Canary Hills:
The Canary Hills is located close to the town. The Canary Hills has a well laid out park and studded with three small lakes and an observation tower. From the top of the hill one can have a panoramic view of the town..

Parshnath Temple:
Parshnath Temple is situated at the top of the Parshnath Hill, the highest hill in the Giridih district in Bihar. It is situated about 200 km. from Pawapuri and 8 km. from Giridh. The path to the hill top passes through the Madhuban village from where it is an 11 km. trek. It takes almost a fully day to reach the Parshnath Hill and to the temple and to come back. The Parshnath Hill is a famous abode for Jains as about 23 out of 24 Tirthankaras (including Parsvantha) are believed to have attained salvation in the Sammetasikhara of the Parshnath hills. The Parshnath hill is named after the 23rd Tirthankar Parsvanatha and rises steep above the plains of Dhanbad to a height of 1,365 metres. The Prasvantha, 23rd Tirthankar was very popular among tribal population of Chotanagpur. He is identified by the snake king Dharanendra, whose many hoods protect the meditating Tirthankar. Both the Swetamber and Digamber Jains have many beautiful temples here on the hills.

Shahpur:
Opposite Daltonganj on the west bank of the Koel is the village SHAHPUR in which Gopal Rai, the Raja of Palamu built a palace in the end of the 18th century. Shahpur stands on a high tract of land and the ruined place, the white temple and the masonry building present a picturesque view from Daltonganj. A nearer view of the palace is disappointing for what looks in the distance like an imposing edifice is seen to be half- finished building of little architectural importance.

Palamau:
Palamau on the Auranga river , 20 miles south-east of Daltonganj as the crow flies, from which the district takes its name is for historian and archaeologist the most interesting place in the district, for it was for many years the seat of the Chero chiefs and it contains the ruins of the two great forts built by them, the capture of which by Mughals and later by the British resulted in the collapse of the Chero resistance, the forts lie within the reserved forests and in order to preserve them the jungle has to be cut back at intervals .they are a favourite haunt of tigers, whose pug marks may nearly always be seen in and around the fort.The walls which are in preservation are about 5 feet in thickness and those of the old fort bear marks of cannon balls and bullets in many places.

Netarhat:
The plateau of Netarhat in Palamu district is comparatively unknown to the tourists from outside although it is one of the rare beauty spots which is capable of great development. About a century back, it is understood, there was a military camp at Netarhat. The camp had to close down because sufficient good water was not available. It was left to Sir Edward Gait, Lt. Governor of Bihar and Orissa to give a great Importance to the plateau. Sir Edward and after him many of the Bihar and Orissa and later Bihar Governors use to spend a part of the summer exodus at Netarhat . Netarhat although situated in Palamau District is more easily accessible from Ranchi, the summer head quarter of the Old Bihar Govt. it is at a distance of 96 miles from Ranchi, the last 12 miles of which commencing from Banari runs through the hilly section and is typical of any of the other hill stations. There is an excellent all weather road of morum which is capable of widening at some places. The cars can pass conveniently.

plateau:
A plateau, four miles long and two and a half miles broad. It is in the extreme of the district, the highest point of which is 3,800 feet above the sea level. It is in Mahuadanr police station and is 96 miles west of Ranchi across seven hills. This is the highest point on the plateau of Chhotanagpur. Netarhat is a place of peculiar charm which has a laid its spell on many casual visitors. The stillness of the jungle and the cool and refreshing air brings relief from the dust and heat of the plains. Netarhat has a game sanctuary amidst pine forest the bestow singular arboreal interest in this part. Some time back it used to be the permanent summer station of the Governor.

Palamau National Park:
Palamau is one of the popular national parks of India. Palamau is situated within the lndo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna, though the area is prone to severe droughts. There are 107 villages in the buffer area and three in the core with a human population of 65,000 and a livestock population of 45,000. The core is distributed into two parts, the actual core and the recently inducted ‘satellite core’. The park was brought under Project Tiger in 1973 and is among the first nine Tiger Reserves of the country. The core area was declared a National Park in September 1989.

Betla National Park:
Situated in the district of Daltonganj, Palamau Sanctuary is spread over an area of 979sq.km. The core area of 232 sq. kms of the sanctuary was declared as Betla National park in September1989. The park occupies the western parts of the Chotanagpur plateau and was constituted in the year 1960 as an extension of the Hazaribagh National park. Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world’s first tiger census was enumerated in 1932. The park became one of the earliest 9 tiger reserves in India under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1974.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Dhanbad Petrol Pump:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India,Ph:02224547
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Bombay Hotel:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India,ph:0326-305589   Hotel Sushant International:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India Hotel Samrat:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India
Things to carry:
 
Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:
TATA Central Hospital:Jamadoba,Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India
Bokaro General Hospital:Bokaro,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:

Tilaiya Dam

Tilaiya Dam-Jarkhand
About:
Tilaiya Dam is another dam built on this river and is constructed by Damodar Valley Corporation across the Barakar River. It is the first Dam and hydroelectric power Station in Kodarma District. The dam is 1,200 ft long and 99 ft high. The dam boasts scenic surroundings with a large reservoir, the length of which extends up to 36 sq km. It was constructed with the mission to control flood and it generates 4 MV power.  

Terrace gardens and Picnic Island with motorboats and swimming corner are available adjoining the dam. There are several tourists` spots around the dam. Tilaiya Dam is 20 km from Koderma Railway Station. The dam is easy to get to by road, availing the Patna-Ranchi Road. At distances of 17 km and 194 km are Barhi and Patna respectively. Vehicles ply between Kodarma and Hazaribagh via Tilaiya Dam. Hazaribagh town is only 55 km away from the dam site.

It is the first Dam and hydro -Electric power Station constructed by Damodar Valley Corporation across Barakar river in Hazaribag district. It is 1,200 ft. long and 99 ft. high. It is situated in an ideal surrounding with a Reservoir streching in 36 sq. kms. The main object is to control floods.The hydro -electric station produces only 4,000k. watt. The beautiful natural surroundings are the attraction to tourists . the main road from Barhi on G.T.road throughreservoir and the hillocks is picturesque.
Location info:
Address:Tilaiya Dam,kamda,Jamshedpur,Jarkhand,India
District:
Nearest City:
Best time to visit:
Climate/Weather:
The landscape of this state is naturally filled in with green woods around is obviously spells a magical note on the climate over here, a pleasant humid throughout the year will really tease the man to ease ever with nature… the best time of visits could be made during the months of February and April.
History:
Jhumri Taliya was once a major mica mining centre. While laying a railroad through Koderma in 1890s, the British first discovered vast mica deposits in this region.[2] Mining activities started soon after and many mining houses were established. CH Private Ltd. of Chatu Ram Bhadani and Horil Ram Bhadani was the predecessor of Mica Kings, which controlled the largest share of mica mining and export activity in the world at a time.
Interesting things to do:
Dance and Music:
“If music be the food of love Play it on” these wonderful lines of Shakespeare will come true with is tribal sojourner’s, they are so attached to the rhythm they create. To list a few of their celebrations are as follows:- Bansuri, Arbansi, Sahnai, Madanvari, Singa, Sankh Mandar, Dhol, dhak, Dhamsa, Nagara, Damama, Karha, Tasa, Jurinagra, Visamdhanki, Thapchanchu,Kartal, Jhanjh,Thala, Manjhira, Ghanta are the musical instruments and the rhythm patterns are based to the folk, they are Akhariya, Domkach, Dohari,Janani,Udasi, Pawas , Jhumta, Pratkali. To name some of the famous folk dancing styles here are Paika Chaw Jadur Karma Nachni Natua Matha Sohari and Lurisayro.  

Arts:
The people here are to be much involved into artistic approaches in whatever they work, to name some of the fame arts in this region could be Oraon Bhitichitra , Santhali Bhitichitra and Jado Patiya are the styles of paintings that still exist.

crafts:
The people of Jharkhand though they are tribal base they are good craftsmen with great workmanship , they excel in terracotta, bamboo-work, Seenk-work, Kasida, Pottery, Stone craft, textiles etc; apart from these they do wonderful body paintings , tattoos, stone cutting, bull painting ( during Bandna) folk painting fresco, sculpting horse, elephant etc; for the uses of rituality. Scroll painting or Paitkar is famous but recently becomes obsolete.

Fairs and festivals:
The rhythmic music and dance, the dazzling lights and multicolor monster dyes at the monastery will express the fever of their festival moods. It has great fun and heroic celebrations throughout these periods. To name a few festivals like Batauli, Bhagta Parab, Binda Mela, Jomnamah and Damurai are the festivals of this state which are celebrated vivaciously.
Interesting things to Visit:
Charak Pathar:
The village is situated in GOVINDPUR development block. It is a very large ancient boulder of white stone. It derives its name from this stone.

Chati Gobindpur:
The village which also is located in GOVINDPUR development block, contains two ancient pillars which are locally associated with Emperor Asoka and the Afghan Chief Sher Shah.It is a very large ancient boulder of white stone. It derives its name from this stone.

Gopalpur:
The village lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda development block. It contains an ancient pillar said to date back to the time of Emperor Asoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Asoka himself.

Jhinjhipahari:
The village is situated in Baghmara development block . It is said that an ancient temple of Lord Shiva was found when the mines here were being worked.It is said that an ancient temple of Lord Shiva was found when the mines here were being worked. t contains an ancient pillar said to date back to the time of Emperor Asoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Asoka himself.

Meva:
The village is situated in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block . It contains ancient pillars said to date back to the time of Emperor Ashoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Ashoka himself.t contains ancient pillars said to date back to the time of Emperor Ashoka. There is also a large stone.

Panrra:
The village which also lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block, it said to have derived its name from the Pandavas. According to local legend the Pandavas spent some period of their exile in hiding at this place. The village contains an ancient temple of Lord Shiva known as Pandeweshar Mahadev. The temple is believed to have been constructed by Hindu King at a much later day.

Maithon:
It is census town situated about 48 Kms. From Dhanbad and 5 Kms. From Kumardubhi Rly. Station. The Maithon Dam and Hydel Power Stations are located in this town.

Panchet:
This is also a census town situated 9 Kms. South of Chirkunda and about 54 Kms. South east of Dhanbad. The Panchet Dam, around which the Township has developed, is located here.

Jamadoba:
There is a water filter plant of M.A.D.A (Mineral Area Development Authority ) from where water supply is being made to Dhanbad District.

Chark – Khurd: 
The village, situated about 10 Kms from Tundi on the Dhanbad- Govindpur -Giridih Road, is noted for its hot spring.

Topchanchi: 
The village is the headquarters of the development block being the same name. It is situated on the Grand Trunk Road. The Parasnath Hill is located nearby. The Topchanchi Water Reservoir spreads over an area of 214 Ac. It is a noted picnic spot.
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:The Jamshedpur railways is another important transport facility that provides travel from and to nearby states in the country.
Nearest Airport:Ranchi Airport is connecting flights to Delhi, Patna, Mumbai, and Kolkata and nowadays this airport is becoming very busy and popular for the frequency in the air traffic.
Road Transport:The state is well connected with roadways to ply people and goods around the country. There are several private and government transport corporations working enough to serve the people.
Nearest Visiting places:
Baidyanath Dham:
The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar is one of the premier Tourist Attractions in Jharkhand. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand comprise the main temple of Baba Baidyanath and 22 other temples. At the main temple of Baba Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand the foreign travelers can find the Jyotirlingam. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is established in a sprawling campus. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand experiences an influx of devotees throughout the year. Travelers from different territories and countries of the globe also descend at the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand for a sacred darshan of the deity.

The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is the favorite destination not only for the devotees but also for the international tourists. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is situated in an ideal location. Owing to the strategic location of the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand the tourists can reach the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand easily and conveniently. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is situated in the northeastern part of Jharkhand. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is located four miles away from the Jasidih railway terminal. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand lies on the main Eastern Railway line. There is a famous railway station which is located in close proximity to the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand. This railway terminal is known as the Baidyanath Dham railway terminal.

Dassam Falls:
The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is reckoned as one of the major tourist attractions in Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is one of the most spectacular natural wonders of Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is a big draw for the local tourists. The international tourists visiting India come to experience the charm and grandeur of the Dassam Falls, Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is situated about 40 kilomters away from Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is located on the Tata Road. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is located inside a picturesque village known as the Taimara. The Ranchi Dassam Falls is one of the most picturesque sightseeing locales of India which is situated in the famous tourist destination of Ranchi. Ranchi is located at an altitude of 2140 feet above the sea level. Ranchi is also famous for its wonderful tourist haunts and breathtaking locales. Ranchi is known as the summer capital of the Indian state of Bihar. The beautiful town of Ranchi is interspersed with picturesque hillocks, barren rocks, splendid waterfalls and enchanting sightseeing attractions. The spectacular town of Ranchi boasts of many famous waterfalls which are the major attractions for the local tourists as well as for the international visitors. One of the must do things for the international travelers coming for a tour of Ranchi is to visit the Dassam Falls, Ranchi.

Hundru Falls:
The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Jharkhand. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is situated in a small picturesque hamlet. Encircled by lush green forests this spectacular hamlet is situated near the National Highway 47. This enchanting village was established in the year 1950. This fascinating village was built for the Anglo Indian community. Now this beautiful village has become an idyllic vacation retreat for international tourists.

The foreign travelers visiting the Jharkhand Hundru Falls can experience the breathtaking views of the adjacent landscapes. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is located about 45 kilometers away from the Ranchi town. Ranchi is a spectacular town, which is dotted with splendid streams and gorgeous waterfalls. The sight of the spectacular Swarnarekha River is indeed a feast to the eyes. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand fall from a steep height of 320 feet. At the base of the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand the international tourists can find a splendid pool.
The foreign tourists can enjoy a refreshing splash at this wonderful natural pool. This spectacular pool serves as a nice picnic spot. There are also wonderful bathing spots near the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand. The fascinating spectacle of the water falling from such a great height will enchant and mesmerize the foreign visitors. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is a splendid natural attraction. The international visitors can also find many notable tourist attractions near the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is reckoned as one of the must-see destinations of the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand.

Kolhua Hill:
The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is one of the leading tourist attractions in Jharkhand. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand measures 1575 feet in height. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is situated about 10 kilometers southeast of Hunterganj. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is located in the Chatra District. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is a favorite haunt for the nature lovers. The international visitors can experience the wonderful and breathtaking view of the adjacent beautiful landscapes from the top of the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand. The Kolhua Hill is one of the must-visit destinations for the foreign travelers visiting Jharkhand. One of the premier tourist attractions in Jharkhand the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand receives travelers from al across the globe. The spectacular and fascinating views offered by the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is indeed a feast to the eyes. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is one of the most splendid natural attractions of Jharkhand. The top of the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is known as the Sky Eye or the Akash Lochan. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is punctuated with verdant landscapes and picturesque surroundings. The foreign visitors can also find many notable tourist attractions near the Jharkhand Kolhua Hill. The splendid tourist attractions located near the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand include the temple of Goddess Kali and the Kauleshwari Devi Temple. The international tourists can easily reach the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand as it well connected to the different parts of Jharkhand. The beautiful Lilangen River flows near the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand. Tourists undertaking excursions from Jharkhand make it a point to view the spectacular Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand. Travelers from all across India flock to Jharkhand to enjoy the scenic vistas of the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand

Netarhat:
Netarhat, Jharkhand is also popularly called “Queen of Chotanagpur”. Netarhat, Jharkhand is around 154 Km in the western side of Ranchi town which is the Capital city of Jharkhand. Netarhat in Jharkhand is immensely famous for its breathtaking sunrise and sunset. Netarhat in Jharkhand is situated around 3800 ft above the sea level and approximately 96 miles away from the Capital city Ranchi across the known seven hills. This exclusive place is surrounded with the most exotic views, the greenery around facilitates the generation of a pure and tranquil ambience, which brings here a lot of patients to get recovery soon. The calm and quite jungle brings relief from the hustle bustle and rushing life of the metros and cities. The peaceful and soothing atmosphere around the place will make you shed back the whole bag of tension and exertion.

The temperature in Netarhat in Jharkhand tends to be lesser and the atmosphere keeps cool throughout the year than Ranchi. This place has a fame to be the coolest place in entire Jharkhand. Indian travel will make you acquainted to a lot of interesting things one of which is Jharkhand tours and especially the trip to Netarhat. Accommodation is not an issue as a lot of rest houses and inspection bungalows are there to cater to a large number of tourists who are present in abundance throughout the year including documentary filmmakers, wildlife researchers, botanical researchers and other people who come here to study the flora and the fauna or maybe some habits of some rare species.

Betla National Park:
Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand are the most famous sanctuary and National park in Jharkhand. An area as large and vast as 979 sq. Km holds the pride of being termed as Palamau Sanctuary and the most intrigue and core area of which in 1989 was declared as Betla National Park. Betla National Park & Palamau covers the Western part of the plateau of Chotanagpur. In the year 1960 Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand was established and mainly as an extension to Hazaribagh National Park. Palamau has the fame of holding World’s first census of tigers in its deep dark woods in the year 1932. In the year 1974 Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand had become one of the nine tiger reserves of India under the very famous and successful “Project Tiger”. The woods of Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand have a large span of vegetation which consists of moist evergreen forests and local flora and fauna. The forest is a typical formation with tropical and moist evergreen forests around the lower reaches, moist and dry and often mixed deciduous forests in middle and again temperate type of forests around the upper reaches. Bamboo and Sal plays the main features of these forests along with a huge number of plants having high medicinal value and thus are very important to the entire region.

Hazaribagh:
Hazaribagh in Jharkhand is like a crown diamond, Hazaribagh is one of the most acclaimed and visited tourist attractions. Hazaribagh, in literal sense means a thousand gardens. Hazaribagh in Jharkhand is a very renowned health resort; this is situated on a hill around 2019ft above the sea level. This major tourist attraction called Hazaribagh has a very clean and pure atmosphere which is facilitated by the greenery around and thus helps a lot of people who needs to unwind in a healthy ambience. Often doctors prescribe to go and stay here for sometime. During India Travel one should include Jharkhand tours especially the gem of a place or spot known as Hazaribagh. A calm and cool place amidst a dense and large forest giving you a natural feel and get you acquainted with the local wild life where you can find and get close to the Mother Nature.Reaching Hazaribagh is very easy as one can use the National Highway no. 33 and drive down to this exotic place enjoying the tranquil and impeccable beauty surrounding the road, the beauty is filled with the green around including the exotic and huge trees and the dense forest. The beautiful scenic beauty is restored amazingly and it makes you go wild with it, a lot of people including youngsters, kids and elderly people visit Hazaribagh throughout the year.

Kauleshwari Devi:
The Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand is one of the most frequented Tourist Attractions in Jharkhand. Pilgrims from all over India pour into the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand especially during Ram Navami and Basant Panchami. The devotees offer sacrifices to the presiding deity of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. Goats are often sacrificed at the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. The Jharkhand Kauleshwari Devi is a famous pilgrimage spot. The Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand was established by the Jains. There is a popular myth surrounding the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand.
There is a popular belief that Kauleshwari Devi is the birthplace of Sirala Swami who is the tenth Thirthankara of the Jains. However despite being the birthplace of the tenth Thirthankara the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand has become a popular haunt for the devotees of the famous Hindu goddess Kali. The travelers visiting the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand can find a splendid rock cut temple of the Jains which is housed inside the temple. The international tourists can find many enchanting caves strewn across the campus of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand.

The foreign visitors can find a beautiful image of a Hindu deity inside a cave of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. The hooded image found inside the cave is of Lord Pasarvanath; this is the Dhyani Mudra image of Lord Pasarva Nath who is reckoned as the 23rd Thirthankara of the Jain community. Three Jain images were removed from one of the caves of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand a couple of years back. The local villagers believe that the images were taken to Gaya (which is another renowned pilgrim spot of the Hindus) for worship. For reaching the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand the foreign visitors have to avail the trek leading to the Kolua Hill.
Lodh Falls:
When you are in Jharkhand, you can explore several sightseeing attractions in the region. Among these places of interest, one natural wonder that you should not miss is the Lodh Falls, Jharkhand. The Lodh Falls, Jharkhand is a waterfall located on the Buddha River and is also known by the name Buddha Ghagh Falls. Lodh Falls, Jharkhand is one of the renowned waterfalls in India. Because of its height and beauty, it is one of the most visited one too. You will find the Lodh Falls, Jharkhand located about 40 kilometers from the city of Ranchi and 60 kilometers from Netarhat. It is nestled in a dense forest in Jharkhand. The fall, which is named after Gautam Buddha, is also renowned for a Buddha Temple here.
The Lodh Falls, Jharkhand is one of the highest waterfalls of Jharkhand and here the water falls from a height of 468 feet. If you want to enjoy the beauty of the falling waters, then you should visit the Lodh Falls, Jharkhand. Even if you are 10 kilometers away from the Lodh Falls in Jharkhand, you can hear the rumbling sounds of water. This waterfall comes down in tiers and drops at distinct levels.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
MK Tanna Petrol Pump:Dhatkidih,Jamshedpur,Jarkhand,India Reliance Petrol Pump:Kandra, Jamshedpur,Jarkhand,India Ashoka PetrolePum:Transport:Parsudih,Jamshedpur,Jarkhand,India
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Fortune Hotel: Centre Point,2 Inner Circle Rd,Bistupur,Jamshedpur,Purba Singhbhum, Jamshedpur,Jharkhand,India,Ph:0657 2224200 Ganga Regency Hotel:Baradwari,Jamshedpur,Purba Singhbhum,Jharkhand,India Castle Hotel:Bistupur,Jamshedpur,Purba Singhbhum,Jharkhand,India
Things to carry:
 
Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:
Jugsalai Hospital:Jugsalai,Jamshedpur,Purba Singhbhum,Jharkhand,India
company hospital:Musabani,Purba Singhbhum,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:

GONDA HILL

About:
Ranchi and its surroundings are dotted with green hills and white waterfalls, making the capital of Jharkhand one of the major tourist destinations in India. Nature has painted the lands of Jharkhand with beauty. There are numerous hills in and around Ranchi including Tagore Hill, Ranchi Hill and Gonda Hill and Rock Garden. Gonda Hill and Rock Garden is located around four km from the city center of Ranchi, on the Kanke road. It is one of the best places to enjoy holidays. The CMPDI headquarters are located in front of the hill. There is a huge lake at the bottom of the hill known as Kanke Dam, which is a worthwhile retreat. The Kanke Dam manages to spread some enjoyable and peaceful sentiments among the tourists.Tourists from all over the globe come to visit the Gonda Hill and Rock Garden of Ranchi.  

Gonda Hill and Rock Garden as a picnic spot. People come here in massive groups to enjoy some time together. The Gonda Hill houses a water reservoir at its top. At the foot of the Gonda Hill, Kanke village is situated, which houses one of the largest mental asylums in the country. The British designed Kanke Mental Asylum near Gonda Hill, thinking that the cooler environment would be helpful to psychological health. The closeness of the Rock Garden enhances the beauty of the place.
Location info:
Address:Gonda Hill,Ranchi,Jarkhand,India
District: Ranchi
Nearest City: Ranchi
Best time to visit: October to march
Climate/Weather:
Temperature ranges from maximum 37 to 20 °C during summer, and maximum 22 to 10 °C
History:
The spot has been developed into an artificial garden, complete with water falls and sculptures, to attract tourists. The rock garden is awesome in its appearance, striking a balance between the creativity of modern and ancient man. From Ranchi GPO on Kanke road, just in front of the CMPDI Hq. is situated the Gonda Hill with a water reservoir at it’s top. At the foot of the hill is a big lake known as Kanke Dam and an attractive place for the tourists. Rock Garden, Ranchi :- Eloped into an artificial garden, complete with water falls and sculptures, to attract tourists. The rock garden is awesome in its appearance, striking a balance between the creativity of modern and ancient man
Interesting things to do:
Ranchi Lake:
Ranchi Lake, situated in the heart of the city was excavated by Col. Onsely, a British Agent in 1842. It is located near Ranchi Telephone Exchange. The lake has boating facilities.  

Tagore Hill: 
On the periphery of Ranchi is “Tagore Hill”, named after Rabindra Nath Tagore who is believed to have written a part of famous Gitanjali here, besides other poems. Ram Krishna Ashram is situated at the foot of the hill. This hill is very attractive and bigger than “Ranchi Hill”.

Kanke Dam: 
On the other end of Ranchi is the “Kankedam” which is ever crowded with tourists. It is a popular picnic spot.

Jagannath Temple: 
Few kilometers from the Kankedam and 10 km form Ranchi is the 17th century “Jagannath Temple” where the annual “Rath Yatra (Chariot Festival)” is held in the month of June/July.Located 10km. south west of Ranchi is the 17th century Jagannath Temple on a hillock at Jagannathpur. The temple was built in 1691 and its architectural styles resembles the Jagannath temple of Puri. Rath yatra or Car festival similar to that of Puri is held every year in the months of June/July. It attracts thousands of devotees both tribal and non-tribal.
Interesting things to Visit:
 
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:Ranchi is on the South Eastern Railway and is directly connected with Calcutta, Patna, Rourkela etc.
Nearest Airport:Ranchi is connected by regular Indian Airlines services with Calcutta, Patna, Bombay and New Delhi.
Road Transport:Ranchi is situated on National Highway No.23 & 33 and there are nets of good roads around it. Ranchi is directly connected by regular bus services with all the main places in the state and also outside the state.
Nearest Visiting places:
Hundru Falls:
45 kms on Ranchi – Purulia road, where the Subarnrekha river cascades down from an altitude of 320 feet is a sight not to be missed especially in monsoon or when the wind sets the motion. The pools at the base of the falls are favorite picnic and bathing spots.  

Jonha Falls: 
40 km, on Ranchi -Purulia road also known as Gautam Dhara, is another enchanting retreat amidst rich flora and fauna beside the Kanchi river. The scenery it is very picturesque and it is a popular picnic spot. To admire the fall one is required to descend 500 pared steps.

Sita and Dassam Falls: 
Adjacent to Jonha Falls is Sita falls which can be seen at its best in the morning. Afternoon may best be saved for the Dassam falls (34 kms on Ranchi – Tata road) where Kanchi river falls from a height a of 114 feet.Hirni Falls is another fascinating water fall with beautiful surroundings. It is situated 75 kms form Ranchi .

Breeding Center: 
km from Ranchi is Mutta Muggar. Breeding center in Ormanjhi which took off with 3 Bihari muggars (Crocodiles) and 2 from Chennai. Today they account for over 50. Nearby is the biological park replete with valuable samples of wild life.

Mc Calukieganj: 
60km from Ranchi on haighway 47 is a very sleepy hamlet amidst green forests. The name evokes nostalgia and one gradually discovers the place popular with Anglo-Indian community. During 1950s there were no less than 100 Anglo-Indian families with their typical cottages, clubs and shops.

Hatia Dam: 
There is another dam known as “Hatia Dam”. It is about 12 kms from the city.Ranchi is picturesquely situated in the heart of Chotanagpur at an altitude of 2140 feet (654.5 metres) above sea level, in the nucleus of the region.Once the summer capital of Bihar, Ranchi is well known for its scenic attractions, water falls, barren rocks and hillocks. It has a number of industrial complexes which are very important in the industrial life of a country. While on the one hand beautiful and exciting water falls are scattered around this town, on the other hand huge industries are also to be seen there which do attract visitors. There are many scenic attractions in and around Ranchi which hold tourists for days together. It is also an important place for the study of tribal ways of life and offers an ideal opportunity to those interested in Anthropology. Bihar Tribal Research Institute and museum is well worth a visit for those seeking to know more about the tribes of Bihar . One can consider some of the village rich in tribal life and above all, it is the central point of Chotanagpur which one cannot miss to visit. Due to its good climate, lot of people come here for health sake too. It gets 1530 mm rain annually.

Tribal Research Institute and Museum:
The museum located at the Tribal Research Institute building at Morabadi Road has a collection of stone sculptures, terracottas and arms as well as ethnological objects. It also exhibits life and history of tribal people of Chotanagpur.

Tagore Hill:
Tagore hill named after the famous Tagore family is located near Ram Krishna Mission Ashram at Morabadi. It is said that Ravindra Nath Tagore wrote several of his books at the top of the hill which is at a height of around 300ft. Besides the Ramakrishna Mission Ashram, the Centre of Divyayan and Agararian Vocational Institute is also situated at the foot of the hill.

Baidynathdham :
Baidynathdham or Babadham is a famous Hindu pilgrimage center. There is a famous temple of Lord Shiva. In Shrawan month, huge number of devotees come on foot from all over India to pay homage to Lord Shiva. Machali Ghar:
This aquarium is located near CCL headquarters on Kanke Road. There is a several species of fish here.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Sanjeet Petrol Pump:Rohtak road,Ranchi,Jarkhanad,India

Zenith Petrol Pump:Ramdayalu Nagar Muzaffurpur,Roshpa Tower Main Road,Ranchi,Jharkhand,Inida,Phone: +91 651 – 9835121022
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
BNR Hotel:Gosaintola,Ranchi,Jharkhand,India  
Hotel Arya:Lalpur Chowk, H.B. Road,Ranchi,Jharkhand,Ph:09334713996 Hotel Capitol Hill:Mahatma Gandhi Rd,Ranchi,Jharkhand,India,ph:0651 2331330
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Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:Sadar Hospital:Ranchi,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
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Bodhi Temple

About:
The Bodhi Temple located in the Bodhgaya is a renowned Buddhist pilgrimage centre. It is believed that here only, Lord Buddha under the famous Banyan tree, attained enlightenment. Founded by the emperor Ashoka in 3rd century B.C., temple has the reflection of the Gupta architecture. Spread on 15mt square, Bodhi temple is 52mts in height. Statue of Buddha, in the pose of touching the earth is the main attraction of the temple and is said to be 1700 years old. Inside the temple, visitors can see a musuem, exhibiting a collection of Buddhist and Hindu relics, terracota seals, scriptures etc. Along the temple one can see monastery, a diamond throne, a canopy supported by pillars. The Banyan tree under which Lord Buddha meditated and attained enlightenment must be seen. One can see many temples, stupas, monasteries and medication centres around this holy temple.  

The Bodhi Temple, built in the 3rd century is an important Buddhist pilgrimage centre. Buddhist pilgrims and tourists from all parts of the world, visit Bodh Gaya to study Buddhism and the art of meditation. The visitors throng the temple to simply get the aura of solemn beauty that surrounds the place. Bodhi temple has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is the place where Lord Sakyamuni (Gautam Buddha), entered into meditation after being moved by the sufferings of mankind. The temple has ruined shrines and memorial, which were erected at the site to commemorate the incidents before and after enlightenment. In addition to a important Buddhist centre, the Bodhi Temple is also a significant archaeological site. The Buddhists from Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Tibet, Bhutan and Japan have established monasteries and temples near the Bodhi Temple.
Location info:
Address:Bodhi Temple,Gaya,Bihar,India
District: Gaya
Nearest City: Gaya
Best time to visit: October to March
Climate/Weather:
Summer- Max. 43, Min. 21. Winter – Max. 20, Min. 6. Rainfall: 120 cms.
History:
Some 25 centuries ago, Lord Buddha had attained enlightenment at Bodhgaya sitting under the Bodhi tree. The original Bodhi tree had died and the present one is regarded as the fifth descendent of the original tree. Bodh Gaya is today the most sacred pilgrimage centre for Buddhists of the world. A number of monasteries have been constructed by the Burmese, Tibetan, Chinese, Japanese, Thai and Bhutanese followers of Buddhism at the place. The most unique aspect of construction is that the monasteries have been built in indigenous architectural styles of the different countries  

Some 250 years after Buddha attained enlightenment, Emperor Ashoka visited Bodhgaya and is said to have constructed the Mahabodhi temple. Ashoka is also believed to have constructed a monastery and erected a diamond throne shrine at the seat of enlightenment. In fact, several shrines were constructed with enshrined images for use as places of worship. The shape of the Mahabodhi temple resembles that of a pyramid. The imposing structure rises to a height of 52 metres. The basement of the temple is square with a length and breadth of 15 metres. In the four corners of the temple are Bodhi Temple Bodhgaya Bihartowers rising to some height.
Interesting things to do:
Festivals Celebrated:
Buddha Jayanti is celebrated in a very big way in Bodhgaya temples. The festival, celebrated on a full moon day in April/May, attracts devotees from all parts of the world. Another important festival is Nyingma Monlam Chenmo, held in January-February for about three weeks. In this festival, prayers are held for world peace. The Dalai Lama has also attended the festival on a few occasions.
Interesting things to Visit:
Aurangabad Caves:
Located in the outskirts, the caves are carved out between the second century and the sixth century. These caves are famous for their architecture and intricate carvings. Among the twelve caves most fascinating are the Caves 3 and 7.  

Ghrishneswar Temple:
This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the jyotirlings. Built in the 18th century, it houses many shrines of gods such as Vishnu, Ganesh, Shiva, Parvati etc. Made of red sandstone, it also includes shrines of Mahabharata heroes.

Bibi – Ka – Maqbara:
TBuilt in 1678, this monument is called the ‘Taj of South India’. It is a mausoleum made by Prince Azam Shah, for his mother Begum Rabia Durani, wife of the Mughal Emperor Auranzeb. Visitors can see fantastic work of Mughal architecture here.

Daulatabad:
Named by Mohammed Bin Tughlaq, it is located 13km away from Aurangabad and was earlier called Devgiri. Built in the 12th century, these fortress are crowned atop a hill. Known for the brilliant architecture, it served as the head quarters of the Yadava rulers.

Bodh Gaya Archaeological Museum:
Buddhist pilgrims in Bodhgaya, IndiaThe archaeological museum is must visit for religious art lovers. The museum has a huge collection of stone sculptures and other artifacts. The museum reflects the age of Buddha through several art forms. It houses the Buddhist sculpture collection from 1st Century B.C to 11th Century A.D.
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:Gaya is the nearest railway station at a distance of 16 kms. Gaya is a major railway station and there are trains to Gaya from many destinations of India.
Nearest Airport:Patna airport located at a distance of 105 kms from Bodhgaya is the nearest landing facility.
Road Transport:Bodh Gaya is well connected by good network of roads to Gaya (12 Kms), Patna (135 Kma), Nalanda (101 Kma), Rajgir (78 Kms) and Varanasi (252 Kms). Regular buses run from Gaya, Patna, Nalanda, Rajgir and Varanasi. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation run buses from Patna twice a day.
Nearest Visiting places:
Gaya:
The ancient town of Gaya, located 100 kms south of Patna, is of great significance to Hindus and Budhhists. It is on the bank of Phalgu river. Here Lord Budhha preached the essence of life and Lord Vishnu preached the reality of death. It is believed that this place has been blessed by Lord Vishnu with purificatory powers to the “Atma”.The well known Vishnupad temple is situated at Andhargaya on the bank of river Phalgu and about 3 Kms from the heart of the town whereas Bodhi briksha (Bodhi tree) and Mahabodhi temple is situated at Bodhgaya which is about 11/ 13 Kms from the heart of the town.Legend has it that a gentle demon named Gaya, appalled by the sorrow caused by death, complained to Vishnu, and as protest died for the world. Impressed by his resolve, Vishnu blessed Gaya with the power to absolve sinners. Like Varanasi, and many other riverside towns, Gaya is a “tirtha” – a crossing across the celestial divide.  

Pawapuri:
Pawapuri is also known as Apapuri, it is believed that all sins for a devout Jain end here. Lord Mahavira who was the last Tirthankar breathed his last here around 500 B.C and was cremated on the bank of a large lake, overflowing with beautiful lotuses. Pawapuri, the place where Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, attained his enlightenment is located 38 kms from Rajgir and 90 kms from Patna.Legend has it that after the cremation of Mahavira, in order to meet the demand for his ashes, a large amount of soil was removed from around the funeral pyre, creating the water-tank. The beautiful marble Jalmandir was later built in the middle of the tank. Jal Mandir, the white marble temple in the middle of this lake, blooming with beautiful lotus flowers affords a breathtakingly enchanting sight. A large number of Jain pilgrims throng here. Samosharan, another Jain temple, is also located here. There are five other temples in the vicinity.

Vaishali:
The world’s first democracy with a duly elected council– Vajji, had its seat of administration in Vaishali. Being associated with Buddha and Jain Tirthankars, Vaishali has emerged as a historical and scenic place. Lord Buddha came thrice here and also gave his last sermon at Vaishali. Amrapali, a courtesan, gifted a mango grove to Buddha and later she became a Buddhist nun. Vaishali was also the venue for the second Buddhist council, 100 years after the death of Buddha.Vaishali is also considered to be the birthplace of Jain Tirthankar, Mahavira, by the Swetambar sect of Jains. Many historical monuments and material were found in the excavations at Vaishali

Barabar caves:
The Barabar caves, generally found in the shape of a cottage or hut, open on one side with other three sides walled with stone. With their interiors smooth and soothing, these caves also served as retreats for the Jain and Buddhist monks. Among the Buddhist caves, the Lomas Rishi cave is the finest example of the world famous Indian Buddhist Chaitya arch style.

Barabar hills:
Barabar hills located at a distance of 20 kilometers from Gaya in Bihar, comprises numerous temples constructed from black granite stones. Built for the first time during Ashoka’s reign with contributions in the later period also, these caves look like wood from a distance.

Nagarjuna caves:
The Nagarjuna caves, large in size, depicts the Jataka tales. An excellent work of architecture, these caves includes bow shaped arches at the entrance, circular halls and mini caves, all polished from inside. The Sudama cave, a two chambered structure with polished interiors, is the perfect example of this type of cave. Towards the north of the Sudama cave lies Karan Choper or Supriya cave, which is a single chambered structure with a vaulted roof and small gate. Secondly, the caves of the five Pandavas form another part of the Barabar caves. THese caves, used by five brothers, the Pandavas in their exile in the Mahabharata period, are small in size.

Swarna Bhandar:
The Swarna Bhandar or the King Bimbisara’s treasury, is also known as the twin rock cut caves in Rajgir. a major tourist destination, two cave chambers were hollowed out of a single massive rock, one of which is believed to have been the guards’ room. The rear wall or the doorway which has two straight vertical lines and one horizontal line cut into the rock, is supposed to lead to king Bimbisara’s treasury. The inscriptions carved on the wall in Sankhalipi or shell script has not be deciphered yet and considered to be the clue to open the golden treasury.

Bodhi Tree:
This tree is worshipped as holy, divine and as a giver of enlightenment and wisdom. It is under this banyan tree (a pipal tree) that Lord Buddha meditated after renouncing all worldly pleasures and attained wisdom and divine enlightenment.The present Bodhi Tree is probably the fifth succession of the original tree under which the Buddha had attained enlightenment. Vajrasana (the posture in which he meditated), the seat of stability, is a stone platform on which the Buddha is supposed to have sat in meditation gazing east, under the Bodhi tree.

Mahabodhi Temple:
Buddhism is today a world renowned religion. It is this temple that witnessed the divine enlightenment of Gautama Siddartha who renounced all worldly pleasures to find the answers to the questions that stirred his soul. He meditated under a pipal tree here and attained insight and wisdom that he preached to the world. This tree is also referred to as the “Bodhi tree”. A visit to this holy place will explain to you why the UNESCO declared it as a World heritage site in the year 2002.The Mahabodhi Temple, Bodhgaya built around 6th-7th centuries, is the largest but is a later structure constructed on the site of the Bodhi Shrine of Buddha. This temple was constructed by the famous Emperor Asoka who embraced Buddhism after feeling guilty of leading a life of war and destruction.
The temple is 170 ft high consisting of nine storeys of pyramidal towers. The structure has a stupa-shaped dome at the top. At the base of the main tower are four towers at each of the four corners. On the edifice are several niches with Buddha images depicting scenes from his life. As you enter the temple you can see the main shrine which is built where Buddha attained Enlightenment. The place is called “the Navel of the Earth” (puthavinabhim) where Buddha gained wisdom, knowledge and light and later experienced this joy of liberation for the next seven days sitting there.

TARA STHAN:
It is situated at a distance of about 16 Kms west of Saharsa in village Mahishi where an ancient temple of Bhagwati Tara is built. The idol of Bhagwati Tara is said to be very old and draws devotees from far and wide. On either side of the main deity, there are two smaller female deities which are worshipped by the people as Ekjata nad Nil Saraswati.

Chandika Sthan at BIRATPUR:
Biratpur village under Sonebarsa block of this district is famous for an ancient temple of goddess Chandi. This village is also associated with King Birat of the Mahabharat age. During exile the Pandavas had lived here for 12 years.The tantric Scholars and devotees attach much significance to this Chandi temple, which is said to form an equilateral triangle (TRIK) WITH Katyayani temple near Dhamhara ghat and Tara temple at Mahishi. During the Navratra people from distant places visit the village to offer prayers to the goddess of power.

Madan Bharti Asthan:
The place is situated in Mahishi Block. It is said that a religious discourse (Shastrath) was held between Shankaracharya and the local scholar Mandan Mishra. Bharti, wife of Madan Mishra, who was also a great scholar, was named as Judge for the discourse. It is also said that Shankaracharya, after his initial victory over Madan Mishra was challenged by Bharati, was outwitted by her and he (accepted defeat).

SUN Temple at Kandaha:
Like Deb (in Aurangabad district), the SUN Temple at Kandaha village is an important religious and historical place which has been duly recognized by the Archaeological Survey of India. The idol of sun god riding seven horsed chariot, has been carved on a single granite slab. At the door of the sanctum sanctorum, there are inscriptions which a deciphered by historians, confirm that this sun temple was built during the period of king Narsimha Deo of Karnata dynasty who ruled over Mithila in the 12th century. It is said that a brutal Mughal emperor named Kalapahad had damaged the temple which was however renovated by the famous saint poet Laxminath Gosai.

Laxminath Gosai Sthal at Bangoan:
The famous saint and poet of which is hardly 9 Km away from the district head quarter. The huge bunyan tree under which the remains of Gosaiji have been preserved is the centre of great reverence for the people of the district.

Dewan Ban Mandir:
One Shiv Ling is established in the temple situated in Sahpur-Manjhoul of Nauhatta block. It is said that the Ling was established by Maharaja Shalivahan some time in 100BC. The Hindus celebrate a festival called jitiya after the name of Jimutbahan who was the son of Maharaja Shalivahan. Description of this place is found in Shri Puran. The ancient shrine at Dewan Ban was washed away by the turbulent Koshi river. The local people have however build another temple in the adjacent area.

Nauhatta:
It is an old village, important since the time of Mughals and is presently the headquarters of the block of the same name. The village has a ‘Shiva temple’ about 80 feet in height. The temple which was damaged in the earthquake of 1934 was reconstructed by Raja Srinand Singh of Srinagar Estate. There is a grave of Madho Singh on an earthen mound about 50 feet high. Madho Singh had become a martyr in the battle of Ladri Ghat. Offerings are made on he rave both by Hindus and Muslims.

Bihar School of Yoga:
Bihar School of Yoga houses a Yoga Research Library. Comprising of a well-stocked and large collection of books and data, the library is an asset in itself. Here, you will find the school’s publication on Yoga, health techniques and research, apart from other books on yoga. The school, located at Ganga Darshan, is built over a large hill overlooking the Utter-Vahini Ganga. The location of the training is very apt, as it provides the perfect ambience for the establishment of such a training centre.

Bhimbandh Wild Life Sanctuary:
Occupying an area of about 682 sq km, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the south-west of Munger District of Bihar. The sanctuary falls to the south of the river Ganges and is at a distance of 56 km from Munger. Besides being famous for its wildlife, the place is also well accounted for its hot water springs. These hot springs are basically found at the valley portion and the foothills of Bhimbandh.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Petrol Pump Dobhi Gaya:Gaya,Bihar,India
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Lotus Nikko Bodhgaya Hotel:Bodhgaya,Gaya,Bihar,India   Hotel Pankaj:Tekari Road,Gaya,Bihar,India,MO:09955811250 Hotel Gharana:Hotel Gharana,South Church Road,Near Gandhi Maindan,Gaya,Bihar,India,ph:0631 2225512
Things to carry:
 
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Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:
Government Hospital:Jehanabad,Bihar,India
Holy Family Hospital:Koderma,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:www.mapsofindia.com