Manjhi’s HAM breaks alliance, to go solo in Bihar, Jharkhand state polls.

Source – business-standard.com

Hindustani Awam Morcha (HAM) president Jitan Ram Manjhi on Friday announced that his party will be contesting on its own in 2020 Bihar Legislative Assembly elections.

Manjhi, who had served as Bihar chief minister from May 2014 to February 2015, announced to fight alone citing that its ally Congress and the RJD are not taking him into confidence while making any decisions.

“Congress and the RJD are not hearing our demands. We have told them to make the coordination committee during the Lok Sabha election so that decisions can be taken with the consent of all the parties. But both RJD and NCP are taking decisions independently and are imposing on us, which is why we thought it is better to leave the alliance,” he said while speaking to media in Patna.

Taking about the future coarse of action, Manjhi also informed that his party will fight Jharkhand polls independently.

Earlier, Manjhi had also rejected the possibility of joining the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA), alleging that the BJP was involved in communal politics.

NCP and HAM contested the Lok Sabha elections in coalition with RJD, Congress and some other parties but could not win even a single seat in Bihar.

Pride of Bihar

Ustad Bismillah Khan was the third classical musician after Pt Ravi Shankar and Smt M S Subbulakshmi to be awarded Bharat Rathna, the highest civilian honour in India.

The gentle genius of Bismillah Khan was  perhaps single handedly responsible for making Shehnai a famous classical instrument. Traditionally used to play music during marriages, Shehnai is the counterpart of south indian nadaswaram. It is also used to play music in temples. 


Simplicity was the way of life for Ustad, It retains the old world charm of a Benaras life… his chief mode of transport was a cycle-rikshaw, even after he became one of the most respected musician !


The legendary shehani maestro, a man of tenderness, a man who believed in remaining private and who believed that musicians are supposed to be heard and not seen. Bismillah Khan was born on March 21, 1916 at Bhirung Raut Ki Gali, in Dumraon as the second son of Paigambar Khan and Mitthan. He was named as Qamaruddin to rhyme with Shamsuddin, their first son. His grandfather, Rasool Baksh Khan uttered “Bismillah” after looking at the newborn, thus he was named Bismillah Khan.

His ancestors were court musicians in the princely state of Dumraon in Bihar and he was trained under his uncle, the late Ali Bux `Vilayatu’, a shehnai player attached to Varanasi’s Vishwanath Temple. He brought Shehnai to the center stage of indian music with his concert in the calcutta All India Music Conference in 1937. There was no looking back. It was Khan Sahib who poured his heart out into Raga Kafi from Red Fort on the eve of India’s first Republic Day ceremony.


Khan had the rare honor of performing at Delhi’s Red Fort on the eve of India’s Independence in 1947. He also performed Raga Kafi from the Red Fort on the eve of India’s first Republic Day ceremony, on January 26, 1950. His recital had almost become a cultural part of the Independence Day Celebrations telecast on Doordarshan every year on August 15th. After the Prime Minister’s speech from Lal Qila (Red Fort) in Old Delhi, Doordarshan would broadcast live performance by the shehnai maestro. And this tradition had been going on since the days of Pandit Nehru.


Where others see conflict and contradiction between his music and his religion, Bismillah Khan had seen only a divine unity. Music, sur, namaaz is the same thing. His namaaz was the seven shuddh and five komal surs. Even as a devout Shia, Khan Sahib was also a staunch devotee of Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of music. 

His honorary doctorate from the Benares Hindu University and Shantiniketan bespeaks of his fame. He was bequeathed with the Sangeet Natak Academi Award, the Tansen Award of the Madhya Pradesh government and also the prestigious Padma Vibhushan. On August 17, 2006, Khan was taken ill and admitted to the Heritage Hospital, Varanasi for treatment. He died after four days on August 21, 2006 due to a cardiac arrest. He was ninety years old. He is survived by five sons, three daughters and a large number of grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

The Government of India declared one day of national mourning on his death. His body was buried at Fatemain burial ground of old Varanasi under a neem tree with 21-gun salute from Indian Army.

He played in Afghanistan, Europe, Iran, Iraq, Canada, West Africa, USA, USSR, Japan, Hong Kong and almost every capital city across the world.

Topchanchi wildlife sanctuary

Topchanchi wildlife sanctuary-Jharkhand
About:
The Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary covers a sprawling plot that measures approximately 8.75 square kilometers. Although the Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary is not that spacious yet it manages to preserve the innocuous essence of the wild beasts that reside in it. In spite of its petite area, the animals dwelling in the Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary of Bihar do not have to confront any sort of inconvenience.   The flora that dominates in the dense woodlands of the Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary are loaded with a huge variety of trees belonging to different species that include Asan, Bijasal, Dhow, Semal, Kendu, Piar, Karam, Siris, Sidha and other varieties as well. However the terrains like Baneshpur and Bawardhara are dowered with dry blended deciduous type of woods that primarily consists of Sal that belongs to the Peninsular origin.The Topchanchi Wildlife Sanctuary at Bihar is also blessed with a tinge of sprawling grasslands and bamboo trees. This sanctuary is positioned in the Dhanbad district that is situated inside the premises of the Jharkhand.
Location info:
Address:Topchanchi wildlife sanctuary,Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India
District:Dhanbad
Nearest City:Gomoh
Best time to visit: October to May
Climate/Weather:
Topchanchi Lake is also just 6 km from Gomoh, where Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose boarded the train for his historical departure from India on the 18th Jan 1941. A statue of Netaji was installed in the Topchanchi market to commemorate this event.
History:
This sanctuary is noted for the flow of migratory birds including pochards, red crested pochards and coots. Resident birds include bronze winged jacanas, pond herons, egrets, swamp partridges, etc. The Nagi Dam Sanctuary near Jhajha is the smallest sanctuary in the state and also a place to spot migratory birds. 15km from Patna, Danapur is also a significant shelter for migratory birds, especially janghils (open billed storks).
Interesting things to do:
 
Interesting things to Visit:
Fauna:

LeopardJungle CatCheetalBarking DeerWild BoarMongooseLangurJackalFoxWild Dog
Charak Pathar:
The village is situated in GOVINDPUR development block. It is a very large ancient boulder of white stone. It derives its name from this stone.
Chati Gobindpur:
The village which also is located in GOVINDPUR development block, contains two ancient pillars which are locally associated with Emperor Asoka and the Afghan Chief Sher Shah.It is a very large ancient boulder of white stone. It derives its name from this stone.
Gopalpur:
The village lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda development block. It contains an ancient pillar said to date back to the time of Emperor Asoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Asoka himself.
Jhinjhipahari:
The village is situated in Baghmara development block . It is said that an ancient temple of Lord Shiva was found when the mines here were being worked.It is said that an ancient temple of Lord Shiva was found when the mines here were being worked. t contains an ancient pillar said to date back to the time of Emperor Asoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Asoka himself.
Meva:
The village is situated in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block . It contains ancient pillars said to date back to the time of Emperor Ashoka. There is also a large stone image said to be of Ashoka himself.t contains ancient pillars said to date back to the time of Emperor Ashoka. There is also a large stone.
Panrra:
The village which also lies in Nirsa-cum-Chirkunda Block, it said to have derived its name from the Pandavas. According to local legend the Pandavas spent some period of their exile in hiding at this place. The village contains an ancient temple of Lord Shiva known as Pandeweshar Mahadev. The temple is believed to have been constructed by Hindu King at a much later day.
Maithon:
It is census town situated about 48 Kms. From Dhanbad and 5 Kms. From Kumardubhi Rly. Station . The Maithon Dam and Hydel Power Stations are located in this town.
Panchet:
This is also a census town situated 9 Kms. South of Chirkunda and about 54 Kms. South east of Dhanbad. The Panchet Dam, around which the Township has developed, is located here.
Jamadoba:
There is a water filter plant of M.A.D.A (Mineral Area Development Authority ) from where water supply is being made to Dhanbad District.
Chark – Khurd:
The village, situated about 10 Kms from Tundi on the Dhanbad- Govindpur -Giridih Road, is noted for its hot spring .
Topchanchi:
The village is the headquarters of the development block being the same name. It is situated on the Grand Trunk Road. The Parasnath Hill is located nearby. The Topchanchi Water Reservoir spreads over an area of 214 Ac. It is a noted picnic spot.
Mobile range info:
 
How to reach?
Nearest Railway Station:Dhandad railway station is an important railhead on Eastern Railway. Several express and super-fast trains ply to Dhanbad from Patna, Kolkata, Delhi and other important cities of India.
Nearest Airport:Ranchi airport is (169 km) and Patna airport is (325 km).
Road Transport:Good network of roads connect Dhanbad with important town in Jharkhand and Bihar. Buses are available from Dhanbad to Bokaro (84 km), Ranchi (169 km) and other places of Jharkhand. Chartered buses or taxis are arranged to Dhanbad from Ranchi and Patna by Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation at regular intervals.
Nearest Visiting places:
Baidyanath Dham:
The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar is one of the premier Tourist Attractions in Jharkhand. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand comprise the main temple of Baba Baidyanath and 22 other temples. At the main temple of Baba Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand the foreign travelers can find the Jyotirlingam. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is established in a sprawling campus. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand experiences an influx of devotees throughout the year. Travelers from different territories and countries of the globe also descend at the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand for a sacred darshan of the deity.   The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is the favorite destination not only for the devotees but also for the international tourists. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is situated in an ideal location. Owing to the strategic location of the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand the tourists can reach the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand easily and conveniently. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is situated in the northeastern part of Jharkhand. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand is located four miles away from the Jasidih railway terminal. The Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand lies on the main Eastern Railway line. There is a famous railway station which is located in close proximity to the Baidyanath Dham Deoghar, Jharkhand. This railway terminal is known as the Baidyanath Dham railway terminal.
Dassam Falls:
The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is reckoned as one of the major tourist attractions in Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is one of the most spectacular natural wonders of Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is a big draw for the local tourists. The international tourists visiting India come to experience the charm and grandeur of the Dassam Falls, Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is situated about 40 kilomters away from Ranchi. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is located on the Tata Road. The Dassam Falls, Ranchi is located inside a picturesque village known as the Taimara. The Ranchi Dassam Falls is one of the most picturesque sightseeing locales of India which is situated in the famous tourist destination of Ranchi. Ranchi is located at an altitude of 2140 feet above the sea level. Ranchi is also famous for its wonderful tourist haunts and breathtaking locales. Ranchi is known as the summer capital of the Indian state of Bihar. The beautiful town of Ranchi is interspersed with picturesque hillocks, barren rocks, splendid waterfalls and enchanting sightseeing attractions. The spectacular town of Ranchi boasts of many famous waterfalls which are the major attractions for the local tourists as well as for the international visitors. One of the must do things for the international travelers coming for a tour of Ranchi is to visit the Dassam Falls, Ranchi.
Hundru Falls:
The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Jharkhand. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is situated in a small picturesque hamlet. Encircled by lush green forests this spectacular hamlet is situated near the National Highway 47. This enchanting village was established in the year 1950. This fascinating village was built for the Anglo Indian community. Now this beautiful village has become an idyllic vacation retreat for the international tourists. The foreign travelers visiting the Jharkhand Hundru Falls can experience the breathtaking views of the adjacent landscapes. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is located about 45 kilometers away from the Ranchi town. Ranchi is a spectacular town, which is dotted with splendid streams and gorgeous waterfalls. The sight of the spectacular Swarnarekha River is indeed a feast to the eyes. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand fall from a steep height of 320 feet. At the base of the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand the international tourists can find a splendid pool. The foreign tourists can enjoy a refreshing splash at this wonderful natural pool. This spectacular pool serves as a nice picnic spot. There are also wonderful bathing spots near the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand. The fascinating spectacle of the water falling from such a great height will enchant and mesmerize the foreign visitors. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is a splendid natural attraction. The international visitors can also find many notable tourist attractions near the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand. The Hundru Falls, Jharkhand is reckoned as one of the must see destinations of the Hundru Falls, Jharkhand.
Kolhua Hill:
The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is one of the leading tourist attractions in Jharkhand. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand measures 1575 feet in height. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is situated about 10 kilometers south east of Hunterganj. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is located in the Chatra District. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is a favorite haunt for the nature lovers. The international visitors can experience the wonderful and breathtaking view of the adjacent beautiful landscapes from the top of the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand. The Kolhua Hill is one of the must visit destinations for the foreign travelers visiting Jharkhand. One of the premier tourist attractions in Jharkhand the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand receives travelers from al across the globe. The spectacular and fascinating views offered by the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is indeed a feast to the eyes. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is one of the most splendid natural attractions of Jharkhand. The top of the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is known as the Sky Eye or the Akash Lochan. The Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand is punctuated with verdant landscapes and picturesque surroundings. The foreign visitors can also find many notable tourist attractions near the Jharkhand Kolhua Hill. The splendid tourist attractions located near the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand include the temple of Goddess Kali and the Kauleshwari Devi Temple. The international tourists can easily reach the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand as it well connected to the different parts of Jharkhand. The beautiful Lilangen River flows near the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand. Tourists undertaking excursions from Jharkhand make it a point to view the spectacular Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand. Travelers from all across India flock to Jharkhand to enjoy the scenic vistas of the Kolhua Hill, Jharkhand
Netarhat:
Netarhat, Jharkhand is also popularly called “Queen of Chotanagpur”. Netarhat, Jharkhand is around 154 Km in the western side of Ranchi town which is the Capital city of Jharkhand. Netarhat in Jharkhand is immensely famous for its breathtaking sunrise and sunset. Netarhat in Jharkhand is situated around 3800 ft above the sea level and approximately 96 miles away from the Capital city Ranchi across the known seven hills. This exclusive place is surrounded with the most exotic views, the greenery around facilitates the generation of a pure and tranquil ambience, which brings here a lot of patients to get recovery soon. The calm and quite jungle brings relief from the hustle bustle and rushing life of the metros and cities. The peaceful and soothing atmosphere around the place will make you shed back the whole bag of tension and exertion.The temperature in Netarhat in Jharkhand tends to be lesser and the atmosphere keeps cool throughout the year than Ranchi. This place has a fame to be the coolest place in entire Jharkhand. Indian travel will make you acquainted to a lot of interesting things one of which is Jharkhand tours and especially the trip to Netarhat.Accommodation is not an issue as a lot of rest houses and inspection bungalows are there to cater to a large number of tourists who are present in abundance throughout the year including documentary film makers, wildlife researchers, botanical researchers and other people who come here to study the flora and the fauna or may be some habits of some rare species.
Betla National Park:
Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand are the most famous sanctuary and National park in Jharkhand. An area as large and vast as 979 sq. Km holds the pride of being termed as Palamau Sanctuary and the most intrigue and core area of which in 1989 was declared as Betla National Park. Betla National Park & Palamau covers the Western part of the plateau of Chotanagpur. In the year 1960 Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand was established and mainly as an extension to Hazaribagh National Park. Palamau has the fame of holding World’s first census of tigers in its deep dark woods in the year 1932. In the year 1974 Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand had become one of the nine tiger reserves of India under the very famous and successful “Project Tiger”. The woods of Betla National Park & Palamau in Jharkhand have a large span of vegetation which consists of moist evergreen forests and local flora and fauna. The forest is a typical formation with tropical and moist evergreen forests around the lower reaches, moist and dry and often mixed deciduous forests in middle and again temperate type of forests around the upper reaches. Bamboo and Sal plays the main features of these forests along with a huge number of plants having high medicinal value and thus are very important to the entire region.
Hazaribagh:
Hazaribagh in Jharkhand is like a crown diamond, Hazaribagh is one of the most acclaimed and visited tourist attractions. Hazaribagh, in literal sense means a thousand gardens. Hazaribagh in Jharkhand is a very renowned health resort; this is situated on a hill around 2019ft above the sea level. This major tourist attraction called Hazaribagh has a very clean and pure atmosphere which is facilitated by the greenery around and thus helps a lot of people who needs to unwind in a healthy ambience. Often doctors prescribe to go and stay here for sometime. During India Travel one should include Jharkhand tours especially the gem of a place or spot known as Hazaribagh. A calm and cool place amidst a dense and large forest giving you a natural feel and get you acquainted with the local wild life where you can find and get close to the Mother Nature. Reaching Hazaribagh is very easy as one can use the National Highway no. 33 and drive down to this exotic place enjoying the tranquil and impeccable beauty surrounding the road, the beauty is filled with the green around including the exotic and huge trees and the dense forest. The beautiful scenic beauty is restored amazingly and it makes you go wild with it, a lot of people including youngsters, kids and elderly people visit Hazaribagh throughout the year.
Kauleshwari Devi:
The Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand is one of the most frequented Tourist Attractions in Jharkhand. Pilgrims from all over India pour into the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand especially during Ram Navami and Basant Panchami. The devotees offer sacrifices to the presiding deity of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. Goats are often sacrificed at the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. The Jharkhand Kauleshwari Devi is a famous pilgrimage spot. The Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand was established by the Jains. There is a popular myth surrounding the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. There is a popular belief that Kauleshwari Devi is the birthplace of Sirala Swami who is the tenth Thirthankara of the Jains. However despite being the birthplace of the tenth Thirthankara the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand has become a popular haunt for the devotees of the famous Hindu goddess Kali. The travelers visiting the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand can find a splendid rock cut temple of the Jains which is housed inside the temple. The international tourists can find many enchanting caves strewn across the campus of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. The foreign visitors can find a beautiful image of a Hindu deity inside a cave of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand. The hooded image found inside the cave is of Lord Pasarvanath; this is the Dhyani Mudra image of Lord Pasarva Nath who is reckoned as the 23rd Thirthankara of the Jain community. Three Jain images were removed from one of the caves of the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand a couple of years back. The local villagers believe that the images were taken to Gaya (which is another renowned pilgrim spot of the Hindus) for worship. For reaching the Kauleshwari Devi, Jharkhand the foreign visitors have to avail the trek leading to the Kolua Hill.
Lodh Falls:
When you are in Jharkhand, you can explore several sightseeing attractions in the region. Among these places of interest, one natural wonder that you should not miss is the Lodh Falls, Jharkhand. The Lodh Falls, Jharkhand is a waterfall located on the Buddha River and is also known by the name Buddha Ghagh Falls.Lodh Falls, Jharkhand is one of the renowned waterfalls in India. Because of its height and beauty it is one of the most visited one too.You will find the Lodh Falls, Jharkhand located about 40 kilometers from the city of Ranchi and 60 kilometers from Netarhat. It is nestled in a dense forest in Jharkhand. The fall, which is named after Gautam Buddha, is also renowned for a Buddha Temple here. The Lodh Falls, Jharkhand is one of the highest waterfalls of Jharkhand and here the water falls from a height of 468 feet. If you want to enjoy the beauty of the falling waters, then you should visit the Lodh Falls, Jharkhand. Even if you are 10 kilometers away from the Lodh Falls in Jharkhand, you can hear the rumbling sounds of water. This waterfall comes down in tiers and drops at distinct levels.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
Dhanbad Petrol Pump:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India,ph:02224547   Park View Petrol Pump:Bokaro,Jharkhand,india Jai Jawan Petrol Pump:Sector 4,Bokaro,Jharkhand,india
Hotels/Lodge/Accommodation:
Bombay Hotel:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India,ph:0326-305589   Hotel Zeal:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India Hotel Sushant International:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India Hotel Samrat:Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India
Things to carry:
 
Tips & Suggestions:
 
Help Line/Phone Number:
Police Station:100
Nearest Hospital:
TATA Central Hospital:Jamadoba,Dhanbad,Jharkhand,India
Bokaro General Hospital:Bokaro,Jharkhand,India
Society/Community Phone Number:
Link:

Improving the Lives of Women in Bihar

In Bihar, India, hope is found where you least expect it. Behind a closed door where 10 to 25 women  have come together to discuss their most urgent needs. Unheard of a generation ago, this gathering is a mahila mandal – better known in this country as a women’s group.

Life for women and girls in Bihar is especially grim as they face a system called Purdah that is almost as oppressive and restrictive as the Taliban era in Afghanistan. Women are required to cover themselves in public and cannot travel without their husbands’ permission. The harsh realities are reflected in the almost 90 percent illiteracy rate among women and the fact that 88 percent of girls marry before the age of 17.  

Mahila mandals, with the aid of international organizations and donor support, are beginning to help though. One of the positive changes will be setting up savings and credit groups in which loans are approved and administered by and for local women.  Having access to a loan as small as $50 can completely transform a woman’s life in Bihar. Even a small amount of money can provide her the means to purchase raw materials that can be turned into finished products for sale, including seeds to grow crops, or an animal that produces milk, cheese or eggs that are marketable. 

This year, there will be 100 new mahila mandals or women’s savings and credit groups formed in Bihar. It is anticipated that the capital saved by the 5,100 group members will increase from $21,000 to $40,000 this year. More than 90 percent of that amount will be revolved as loans among the members. The value of this community-controlled asset is especially amazing when you realize the average annual income in this area is just over $400 a year.

Support from individuals in the United States can help transform the lives of women in this region and offer hope to them for a safer, more secure future.

In Bihar, women give ‘birth’ to 5 children in 2 months

A woman, as everyone knows, usually gives birth to a baby after nine months of pregnancy, but in Bihar 298 women claim to have delivered two to five children in a span of 60 days – at least that’s what records of incentives amount given to new mothers under a government scheme show.

A woman gets around Rs.1,000 when she gives birth under the government’s Janani Suraksha Yojana but a total of Rs.6.6 lakh was paid as incentive to 298 women who claimed to have delivered two to five children within 60 days under the scheme, says a report of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) that exposes corruption in the state.

These irregularities were found in the year 2008-09 in the districts of Bhagalpur, East Champaran, Gopalganj, Kishanganj and Nalanda, according to the CAG report 2009 tabled in the monsoon session of the state assembly that concluded last week.

“The concerned officials paid incentives under the Janani Suraksha Yojana to these women two to five times in 60 days,” the report says.

Unfortunately, thousands of genuine lactating mothers were denied the incentive due to them. The CAG report says that of 470,307 new mothers, 97,146 were not provided cash incentives under the Janani Suraksha Yojana for want of funds. Also, payment of Rs.25.19 crore to 1.8 lakh beneficiaries were made after a delay ranging between eight and 732 days.

Opposition leaders criticised the state government for the corruption in the implementation of the Janani Suraksha Yojana in the state.

“All this is happening in Bihar when Chief Minister Nitish Kumar is claiming good governance. This is just a trailer of the unbelievable corruption in implementation of welfare schemes,” Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) state president Abdul Bari Siddiqui said.

Said Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) youth leader Gopal Sharma: “High corruption during Nitish Kumar’s four-and-a-half year rule has eaten into welfare schemes like in the case of Janani Suraksha Yojana exposed by the CAG report.”

SRIKANT ROUT, FREEDOM FIGHTER

AT-MOTANGA MANGALPUR,DHENKANAL

Srikant Rout took the leadership of  Swechha  Sevi Vahini of Prajamandal Andolan as the Captain in the year 1938. The King of Dhenkanal declared cash award of  Rs. 1000/- to catch Srikant Rout either alive or dead. In the year 1942 during the period of Quite India movement, he was imprisoned with other Freedom Fighters.

BANCHANIDHI NAYAK, FREEDOM FIGHTER

AT- SREEMULA, VIA.-KAMAKHYANAGAR, DHENKANAL

Banchhanidhi Nayak was born in the year 1917 in the village Sreemula of Kamakhyanagar. As an active member he was involved in different activities of Prajamandal Andolan since 1938.

Antardwand – A Story of Tales of an abducted groom in Bihar

ANTARDWAND

Bihar seems to be infamous for a lot of social issues, one of them being groom kidnapping. This week’s release Antardwand (watch the trailer here) hopes to explore just that. Starring Raj Singh Chaudhary, who wowed us in Gulaal, the film follows the trials and tribulations of a guilt-ridden groom,who is desperate to escape his predicament. 

Chaudhary tells Rajul Hegde what his film, directed by Sushil Rajpal, is all about.

Tell us about Antardwand.

I play an IAS (Indian Administrative Service) aspirant, who lives in Delhi and decides to return to his native place in Bihar to seek permission to marry his girlfriend. But on reaching Bihar, he is confronted with the prospect of marrying a girl chosen by his father.

As the negotiations between his father and the would-be father-in-law break down, the guy decides to return to Delhi after confiding to his father of his intentions to marry his girlfriend. This is where the movie takes a dramatic turn and the protagonist is kidnapped, locked for 20 days, tortured and forced to marry at gunpoint.

Were you aware of such stories before doing the film? No. I got to know about it only after I read the script. I heard that there are 1,300 such cases, which are registered in Bihar.

Story of Anti-Bihari sentiment in India

Story of Anti-Bihari sentiment in India

Bihari refers to the people of the Indian state of Bihar, which is a region in the north-eastern Gangetic plains (as well as people of the Bihari ethnic group  that originated there). Bihar has had slower economic growth than the rest of India in the 1990s, and as a consequnce many Bihari’s have migrated to other parts of India in search of work. Bihari migrant workers have been subject to a growing degree of xenophobia, 1] racial discrimination,   prejudice and violence. Biharis are often looked down upon  and their accent ridiculed. In 2000 and 2003, anti-Bihari violence led to the deaths of up to 200 people  and created 10,000 internal refugees.

Causes

Since the late 1980s and through to 2005, poor governance and Annual Flooding of Bihar by Kosi River (Sorrow of Bihar) contributed to a crisis in the Bihar economy. 9]  The criminalisation of politics, and kidnappings of professional workers between 1990-2005 contributed to an economic collapse and led to the flight of capital, middle class professionals, and business leaders to other parts of India. 10] 11]  This flight of business and capital increased unemployment and this led to the mass migration of Bihari farmers and unemployed youth to more developed states of India. The state has a per capita income  of $148 a year against India’s average of $997 and 30.6% of the state’s population lives below the poverty line against India’s average of 22.15%. The level of urbanisation (10.5%) is below the national average (27.78%); and behind states like Maharastra (42.4%). Urban poverty in Bihar (32.91%) is above the national average of 23.62%. 1   Also using per capita water supply as a surrogate variable, Bihar (61 litres per day) is below the national average (142 litres per day) and that of Maharastra(175 litres per day) in civic amenities.


Impact: Social and cultural

There is a perception in Indian states with smaller populations that Bihari culture could dominate local languages and customs as migration of poor workers continue from those states. This feeling that local customs would be overwhelmed by migrants was a key feature of the MNS campaign in Maharashtra and feelings of resentment in Punjab. 13] 14]  The migrant population in Punjab, according to state researchers, is nearing three million out of a total population of over nearly 30 million. One third of the migrants, nearly one million, live in and around Ludhiana. 15]  After the attacks on Uttar Pradeshi’s and Biharis in October 2008, a Punjabi group called the Dal Khalsa, carried banners and placards that read  Punjab for Punjabis  and  Return migrants, Save Punjab . This fear is further personified by the rise of Bhojpuri cinema in non-Bhojpuri speaking states. Punjabi comedian Jaspal Bhatti  said that instead of assimilating with the culture of the state, the migrant population was seeking to decimate Punjabi culture and cinema.  In Mumbai, Raj Thackeray had also complained to theatre owners for their reluctance to exhibit Marathi movies and producers of Marathi movies complained that it is becoming difficult to hire theatres in Mumbai to release their productions and exhibitors preferred to show Bhojpuri language movies. 

Furthermore, many see Biharis as criminals and attribute any rise in criminality to Bihari youth, or the so called “Bihari Mafia”. 18] Due to the high levels of crime in Bihar there is a perception by some that Biharis are inherently criminal by nature. This has led to Biharis being blamed for crimes ranging from automobile theft to increases in rape, murder and kidnapping.

Economic

Bihar has a per capita income of $148 a year against India’s average of $997. Given this income dispartity, migrant workers moved to better paid locations and offered to work at lower rates. For example, in Tamil Nadu inter-state migrant construction workers are paid about Rs.60 to Rs.70 a day against the minimum of Rs.130 per day. 20] After thousands of migrant workers left Nashik, industries were worried that their costs would increase through more expensive local workers. 21] In an interview with the Times of India, Raj Thackeray, leader of the MNS said; “The city (Mumbai) cannot take the burden anymore. Look at our roads, our trains and parks. On the pipes that bring water to Mumbai are 40,000 huts. It is a security hazard. The footpaths too have been taken over by migrants. The message has to go to UP and Bihar that there is no space left in Mumbai for you. After destroying the city, the migrants will go back to their villages. But where will we go then?”. 2  The strain to Mumbai’s infrastructure through migration has also been commented by mainstream secular politicians. 23] The Chief Minister, Vilasrao Deshmukh felt that unchecked migration had placed a strain on the basic infrastructure of the state. However, he has maintained and urged migrant Bihari workers to remain in Maharashtra, even during the height of the anti North Indian agitation. 24] Sheila Dikshit, the Chief Minister of Delhi, said that because of people migrating from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, Delhi’s infrastructure was overburdened. She said, that “these people come to Delhi from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh but don’t ever go back causing burden on Delhi’s infrastructure.” 

Violence : Maharashtra

North Indian students, including students from Bihar, preparing for the railway entrance exam were attacked by Raj Thackeray’s MNS supporters in Mumbai on 20 October 2008. One student from Bihar was killed during the attacks. Four persons were killed and another seriously injured in the violence that broke out in a village near Kalyan following the arrest of MNS chief Raj Thackeray.  Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar demanded action against the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena activists and full security to students. Nitish Kumar requested Maharashtra Chief Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh intervention. Kumar directed the additional director general of police to contact senior police officials in Maharashtra and compile a report on Sunday’s incident and asked the home commissioner to hold talks with the Maharashtra home secretary to seek protection for people from Bihar. In 2003, the Shiv Sena alleged that of the 500 Maharashtrian candidates, only ten of them successful in the Railways exams. 90 per cent of the successful candidates were alleged to be from Bihar. Activists from the Shiv Sena ransacked a railway recruitment office in protest against non-Marathi’s being among the 650,000 candidates set to compete for 2,200 railway jobs in the state. 30] Eventually, after attacks on Biharis heading towards Mumbai for exams, the central government delayed the exams.

Violence : North East states

Biharis have sought work in many states that form part of North East India. There were significant communities in Assam, Nagaland, and Manipur. As with all migrations in history, this has created tensions with the local population, which has resulted in large scale violence. In 2000 and 2003, anti-Bihari violence led to the deaths of up to 200 people,and created 10,000 internal refugees. Similar violent incidents have also taken place recently in Manipur and Assam.  According to K P S Gill waves of xenophobic violence have swept across Assam repeatedly since 1979, targeting Bangladeshis, Bengalis, Biharis and Marwaris. 36]

Violence : Punjab

In early 2008, bombs exploded in Ludhiana which killed six people and injured a further 30 in a blast in one of the three cinema halls in a multiplex. The halls were frequented by migrant workers from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and one credible theory being considered was that the blasts were an attempt to scare away migrant workers. 

Violence : Karnataka
In July 2009, activists of the Kannada Protection Force (KPF) in Karnataka stormed into exam centres and disrupted railway recruitment examinations in protest against the appearance of north Indian candidates, especially from Bihar, in large numbers. 


Controversial Statements: Derisive use of BIMARU term
Dr Ashish Bose, a Bengali retired govt servant coined the epithet BIMARU.Even official planning commission records use this term. BIMARU resembles the Hindi word for illness, Bimar. The BI in BIMARU stands for Bihar. Ther other Hindi-speaking states that are included in BIMARU are Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Bihar, and other North Indian states, have also been held accountable for holding India’s GDP ranking below the double digit number.

Controversial Statements: Editorial by Bal Thackeray

Shiv Sena leader, Bal Thackeray, commented in the Shiv Sena newspaper, Samnna on why Biharis are disliked outside Hindi-speaking North India. He quoted part of a text message as the title of his article. The message suggests that Biharis bring diseases, violence, job insecurity, and domination, wherever they go. The text message says, “Ek Bihari, Sau Bimari. Do Bihari Ladai ki taiyari, Teen Bihari train hamari and paanch Bihari to sarkar hamaari”  (One Bihari equals hundred diseases, Two Biharis is preparing for war, Three Biharis it is a train hijack, and five Biharis will try to form the ruling Government). Nitish kumar, the Chief Minister of Bihar, and the Union Railway Minister, Lalu Prasad Yadav, protested against the remark, demanding official condemnation of Bal Thackeray. Kumar, during a press report at Patna Airport, said, “If Manmohan Singh fails to intervene in what is happening in Maharashtra, it would mean only one thing – he is not interested in resolving the issue and that would not be good for the leader of the nation”. Angered by Thackeray’s insulting remark against the Bihari community, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) activists burnt the effigy of the Shiv Sena chief at Kargil Chowk  in Patna and said that the senior Thackeray had completely lost his marbles and needed to be immediately committed in a mental asylum. 

Consequences : Protests & demonstrations

Angry students in various parts of Bihar damaged railway property and disrupted train traffic, as protests continued against assaults on north Indians by MNS activists in Mumbai. The police said the protesters targeted Patna, Jehanabad, Barh, Khusrupur, Sasaram and Purnia railway stations in the morning. The protesting students reportedly set afire two AC bogies of an express train at Barh railway station. They ransacked Jehanabad, Barh, Purnia and Sasaram  railway stations. According to the railway police, at least 10 students were detained in the morning and extra security was deployed to control the situation. 45] Noted Physician Dr Diwakar Tejaswi observed a day-long fast in Patna to protest against repeated violence by the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) leader Raj Thackeray and his goons against the north Indians. 46]  Various student organisations gave a call for Bihar shutdown on October 25, 2008 to protest attacks on north Indian candidates by Maharashtra Navnirnam Sena activists during a Railway recruitment examination in Mumbai. 

Various cases were filed in Bihar and Jharkhand against Raj Thackeray for assaulting the students. A murder case was also filed by Jagdish Prasad, father of Pawan Kumar, who was allegedly killed by MNS activists in Mumbai. Mumbai police, however, claimed it to be a case of accident. 51] Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar announced a compensation of Rs 1,50,000 to Pawan’s family. Bihar state Congress chief, Anil Kumar Sharma, has demanded enactment of an Act by Parliament for closing opportunities to any political party or organisation that indulge in obscurantism and raise such narrow, chauvinistic issues based on caste, religion and regionalism to capture power. 5  A murder case was also lodged against Raj Thackeray and 15 others in a court in Jharkhand on 1 November 2008 following the death of a train passenger last month in Maharashtra. According to the Dhanbad police, their Mumbai counterparts termed Sakaldeo’s death as an accident. According to social scientist Dr. Shaibal Gupta, the beating of students from Bihar has consolidated Bihari sub-nationalism. 

Rahul Raj

Rahul Raj, from Patna, was shot dead aboard a bus in Mumbai by the police on the 28 October. Rahul was 23 years old and was brandishing a pistol and shooting at public from the bus. The Mumbai police alleged that he wanted to assassinate Raj Thackeray.  Nitish Kumar questioned the police action, but R R Patil justified it, and restored Raj Thackeray`s security.  It was alleged that Rahul was protesting against the attacks on Bihari and Uttar Pradeshi candidates appearing for railway examinations. Mumbai crime branch is looking in to the incident.  During Rahul’s funeral slogans of “Raj Thackeray murdabad” and “Rahul Raj amar rahe” were heard. Despite Mumbai police’s allegations, there was high level government representation at the funeral. Bihar Deputy CM Sushil Kumar Modi and PHED minister Ashwini Kumar Chaubey represented the state government at the cremation which was also attended by Patna MP Ram Kripal Yadav. The bier was carried by Rahul’s friends even as the district administration had arranged a flower-bedecked truck for the purpose. 

Attacks against Marathis

After the October 2008 anti-Bihari attacks in Maharashtra, members of the Bharatiya Bhojpuri Sangh (BBS) vandalised the official residence of Tata Motors Jamshedpur plant head S.B. Borwankar, a Maharashtrian. Armed with lathis and hockey sticks, more than 100 BBS members trooped to Borwankar’s Nildih Road bungalow around 3.30 pm. Shouting anti-MNS slogans, they smashed windowpanes and broke flowerpots. BBS president Anand Bihari Dubey called the attack on Borwankar’s residence unfortunate, and said that he knew BBS members were angry after the attack in Maharashtra on Biharis, but did not expect a reaction. Fear of further violence gripped the 4,000-odd Maharashtrians settlers living in and around the city. 58] 59] Two air-conditioned bogies of the train Vikramshila Express   reportedly with Maharashtrian passengers on board – were set on fire in Barh area of Bihar. Hundreds of slogan-shouting students surrounded Barh railway station in rural Patna demanding that MNS  leader Raj Thackeray be tried for sedition. No one was reported injured and passengers fled soon as the attackers started setting the bogies on fire. 

A group of 63 tourists, of which many were Marathis, were on a tour of sacred Buddhist sites. The tourists found themselves stranded on the outskirts of Patna as riots broke out. The Marathis in the group were forced to hide their identity for fear of attacks. The group avoided speaking in Marathi, and women wore saris in the north Indian rather than the Marathi style. For security, the group had to be escorted by 25 policeman to the station. The tourists reached Nagpur safely. 61] In another incident, a senior woman government official in Bihar, with the surname Thackeray, was the target of an angry mob that surrounded her office and shouted slogans against her in Purnia district. Ashwini Dattarey Thackeray was the target of a mob of over 200 people. The mob, led by a local leader of the Lok Janashakti Party, surrounded Thackeray’s office in Purnia, about 350 km from here, and shouted slogans like,  Go back Maharashtrians  and  Officer go back, we do not need your services .

A gang of 25 people pelted stones on the Maharashtra Bhawan in Khalasi Line, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. Constructed in 1928, the building is owned by the lone trust run by Marathis in Kanpur. It has served as an important venue for prominent festivals, including Ganesh Utsav and Krishna Janmastami. On 29 October, in Ghaziabad, Marathi students at Mahanand Mission Harijan PG College were attacked, allegedly by an Uttar Pradesh student leader and his friends. Police sources in Ghaziabad confirmed the victims stated in their FIR that the attackers  mentioned Rahul Raj and Dharam Dev  while kicking them in heir hostel rooms. A group of 20 youths, from Bihar, attacked Maharashtra Sadan in the capital on 3 November. The Rashtrawadi Sena has claimed responsibility for the attack. They ransacked the reception of the building and raised slogans against Raj Thackeray.

Cultural, economic threats

Bihari leaders have urged a boycott of music CDs of Bollywood singers, movies, clothes and drugs manufactured in Maharashtra.  Why don’t Sachin Tendulkar, Sunil Gavaskar, Lata Mangeshkar or Anna Hazare come out and speak against such attacks on Bihari people? They enjoy greater influence on the society and their words would indeed matter ,  asked renowned Bollywood actor Mr Shatrughan Sinha. Nitish Kumar also threatened to block cash flow to Mumbai, country’s financial capital. “If Maharashtra is rich today, it’s just because the capital investments from across the country have made there. Does Raj Thackeray know where will Mumbai go if we block fund flow to Mumbai and Maharashtra”‘  … “I will pump out air of Mumbai by blocking cash flow if the violence against Biharis does not stop”. The Bharatiya Bhojpuri Sangh also demanded a ban on the import of onions from Maharashtra. The organisation said if the ban is not implemented by the Jharkhand government it will stop the entry of trucks carrying onions from Maharshtra. Jharkhand imports onions from Nashik in Maharashtra. “We will intensify our agitation if north Indians are beat in Maharashtra,” said Anad Bihari Dubey. In Jamshedpur, trucks arriving from Maharashtra were stopped and searched by nationalist groups. The government has declared that firm action will be taken to prevent a breakdown in law and order. “We have come to know that some people want to stop trucks coming from Maharashtra. “We will not allow people to prevent movement of trucks. Police have been alerted,” R.K. Agrawal, Deputy Commissioner of East Singhbhum district said to the media. A mob also attacked a cinema hall in Purnia screening films of Marathi directors. 65] After the attack the angry mob announced the start of their  non-cooperation  movement against Marathis.

Bhojpuri Film industry relocation

The Rs 200-crore Bhojpuri film industry  is considering moving out of Mumbai owing to threats from MNS workers, and growing insecurity. With an average output of 75 movies per annum and an over 250 million target audience, the Bhojpuri  film industry employs hundreds of unskilled and semi-skilled people from the state in various stage of production and distribution. The industry, which has around 50 registered production houses in Mumbai, has initiated talks with Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. “We have given a proposal to the Uttar Pradesh  government through its Culture Minister Subhash Pandey for setting up the industry in Lucknow. Besides, we are also counting on some other options like Delhi, Noida and Patna,” Bhojpuri superstar and producer Manoj Tiwari said. The films have a large market because the Bhojpuri diaspora is spread over countries like Mauritius, Nepal, Dubai, Guyana, West Indies, Fiji, Indonesia, Surinam and the Netherlands. There is a significant wealthy Bihari doctor community in the United Kingdom. citation needed]  70 per cent of the total production cost of a Bhojpuri film — budgets of which range from Rs 80 lakh to Rs 1.25 crore is usually spent in Maharashtra, providing direct employment to junior artists, make-up men, spot boys and local studios among others.

Improving Bihar

However, the state government, post 2005, has made an effort to improve the economic condition of the state, and reduce the need for migration. In 2008, the state government approved over Rs 70,000 crore worth of investment, has had record tax collection, broken the political-criminal nexus, made improvements in power supply to villages, towns and cities. They have laid greater emphasis on education and learning by appointing more teachers, 68] and opening a software park. State Ministers who have failed to live up to election commitments have been dismissed. 69]  Bihar’s GSDP grew by 18% over the period 2006-2007, which was higher than in the past 10 years and one of the highest recorded by the Government of India for that period.